75 terms

ELA terms

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adjective
the word class that qualifies nouns
adverb
the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses
conjugation
the act of bringing a phrase, clause, or sentence together
interjection
an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion
noun
a word that can serve as the subject or object of a verb
preposition
a function word that combines with a noun or pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase that can have an adverbial or adjectival relation to some other word
pronoun
a function word that is used in place of a noun or noun phrase
verb
an action word
clause
(grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence
phrase
an expression forming a grammatical constituent of a sentence but not containing a finite verb
predicate
The part of a sentence containing a verb and stating something about the subject
subject
one of the two main constituents of a sentence, who/what.
plot
the sequence of events in a story
conflict
fight or dispute in a story
exposition
The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
climax
the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding
falling action
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict is resolved
denouement
the outcome of a complex sequence of events
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
narrator/ speaker
someone who tells a story
perspective
(n.) a point of view or general standpoint from which different things are viewed, physically or mentally; the appearance to the eye of various objects at a given time, place, or distance
point of view
The vantage point from which a story is told.
theme
abstract concept, general truth
mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
rhetoric
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
persuasive appeal
A method used to convince people to agree with a position
ethos
The appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator
logos
an appeal based on logic or reason
pathos
the quality in a work that prompts the reader to feel pity
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
allusion
reference to another literary work, person, even, etc.
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
irony
contrast between appearance and reality
metaphor
comparison of two unlike objects
onomatopeia
formation or use of words that imitate sounds of the actions they refer to
oxymoron
a seeming contradiction
paradox
seems like a contradiction yet makes sense
pesonification
When human traits are added to an inanimate object
pun
a play on words
repetition
repeating of words lines, or phrases
rhyme
identity of sound, especially end of words, lines, verses
rhythm
recurrence of an accent or stress
simile
comparison using "like" or "as"
symbolism
objects or actions that mean more than their literary meanings
prompt
suggesting or saying words
assertion
statement or declaration without support
thesis
short statement that summarizes main point or claim of essay
evidence
facts or information validating a belief of proposition
textual evidence
evidence derived from other literary works or writing
paraphrase
rewording a phrase to give the meaning in another form
quote
repeating several words or phrases that someone else has said
blended quote
Incorporating a quote naturally into the syntax of a sentence in order to establish a smooth transition between the author's ideas and the evidence
embedded quote
When you take a direct statement from another work and make it fit grammatically into your own sentence.
commentary
expression of opions
bibliography
selective list of works, only sources that were used are listed
works cited
list of documents or links to support information
source
origin or person, place, thing. especially used in to show where information was found
primary source
document/ object writen or made during the time under study
secondary source
secondhand, analyzes or evaluates primary source
internal citation
giving credit to a a source within the paper
parenthetical documentation
a reference at the end of each quotation or paraphrase that cites the source of information
MLA format
Stands for Modern Language Association--An accepted formatting for essays, in-text citations, and bibliographic information. It is a way to efficiently standardize formatting.
revising
Third step in the writing process; the writer seeks to improve a piece of writing by refining ideas and clarifying language
editing
putting something (as a literary work or a legislative bill) into acceptable form
deductive reasoning
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case
inductive reasoning
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances
metacognition
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognitive task to determine how best to accomplish it, and then to monitor and adjust one's performance on that task
genre
a kind of literary or artistic work
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