100 terms

Citizenship - 100 Civics Questions

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The Constitution
What is the supreme law of the land?
sets up / defines the government, protects basic rights of Americans
What does the Constitution do?
We the People
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
a change or addition (to the
Constitution)
What is an amendment?
the Bill of Rights
What do we call the first ten amendments to the
Constitution?
speech, religion, assembly, press, petition the government
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
twenty-seven (27)
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
announced / declared our independence (from Great Britain)
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is freedom of religion?
capitalist economy, market economy
What is the economic system in the United States?
Everyone must follow the law.
Leaders / government must obey the law.
No one is above the law.
What is the "rule of law"?
Legislative (Congress)
Executive (President)
Judicial (the courts)
Name one branch or part of the government.
checks and balances, separation of powers
What stops one branch of government from becoming
too powerful?
the President is in charge of this branch
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Congress
Senate and House of Representatives
Who makes federal laws?
the Senate and House of
Representatives
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
one hundred (100)
How many U.S. Senators are there?
six (6)
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Cory A. Booker, Robert Menendez
Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?*
four hundred thirty-five (435)
The House of Representatives has how many voting
members?
two (2)
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Bill Pascrell
Name your U.S. Representative.
all people of the state
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
because of the state's population,
some states have more people
Why do some states have more Representatives than
other states?
four (4)
We elect a President for how many years?
November
In what month do we vote for President?
Donald Trump
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Mike Pence
What is the name of the Vice President of the United
States now?
the Vice President
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes
President?
the Speaker of the House
If both the President and the Vice President can no
longer serve, who becomes President?
the President
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
the President
Who signs bills to become laws?
the President
Who vetoes bills?
advises the President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Education, Vice President
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
reviews laws, explains laws, resolves disagreements, decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What does the judicial branch do?
the Supreme Court
What is the highest court in the United States?
nine (9)
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
John Roberts
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
to print money, to declare war, to create an army, to make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the
federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?
provide schooling and education, provide protection
(police), provide safety (fire departments), give a driver's license
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Chris Christie
Who is the Governor of your state now?
Trenton
What is the capital of your state?
Democratic and Republican
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Democratic Party
What is the political party of the President now?
Paul Ryan
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of
Representatives now?
Citizens eighteen (18) and older can vote.
You don't have to pay to vote.
Any citizen can vote.
There are four amendments to the Constitution about
who can vote. Describe one of them.
serve on a jury, vote in a federal election
What is one responsibility that is only for United States
citizens?
vote in a federal election, run for federal office
Name one right only for United States citizens.
freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly,freedom of religion, the right to bear arms
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
the United States, the flag
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of
Allegiance?
give up loyalty to other countries
obey the laws of the United States
be loyal to the United States
What is one promise you make when you become a
United States citizen?
eighteen (18) and older
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
vote, join a political party, help with a campaign, publicly support or oppose an issue or policy, run for office
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
April 15
When is the last day you can send in federal income
tax forms?
at age eighteen (18), between eighteen (18) and twenty-six
(26)
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
freedom, political liberty, religious freedom, economic opportunity, practice their religion, escape persecution
What is one reason colonists came to America?
American Indians, Native Americans
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
Africans, people from Africa
What group of people was taken to America and sold
as slaves?
because of high taxes, because the British army, stayed in their houses, because they didn't have self-government
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
Delaware, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia
There were 13 original states. Name three.
The Constitution was written.
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
1787
When was the Constitution written?
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of
the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
U.S. diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first U.S. Postmaster General,
started the first free libraries
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
George Washington
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
George Washington
Who was the first President?
the Louisiana Territory, Louisiana
What territory did the United States buy from France in
1803?
War of 1812, Mexican-American War, Civil War, Spanish-American War
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
the Civil War, the War between the States
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
slavery, economic reasons, states' rights
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation), saved the Union, led the United States during the Civil War
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
freed the slaves, freed slaves in most Southern states
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
fought for women's rights, fought for civil rights
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War,
Persian Gulf War
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
Woodrow Wilson
Who was President during World War I?
Franklin Roosevelt
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
World War II
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general.
What war was he in?
Communism
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the
United States?
civil rights movement
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
fought for civil rights, worked for equality for all Americans
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in
the United States?
Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Shawnee, Apache, Cheyenne
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
Missouri River, Mississippi River
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Pacific Ocean
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
Atlantic Ocean
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam
Name one U.S. territory.
Maine, New York, Ohio, Michigan, Washington, Alaska
Name one state that borders Canada.
California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
Name one state that borders Mexico.
Washington, D.C.
What is the capital of the United States?
New York (Harbor), Liberty Island, near New York City
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
there were 13 original colonies
the stripes represent the original colonies
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
there is one star for each state
there are 50 states
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
The Star-Spangled Banner
What is the name of the national anthem?
July 4
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
New Year's Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents' Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day
Name two national U.S. holidays.