CSET 2 early US history
Terms in this set (28)
give up alcohol and negative habits in order to endure; Iroquois
Lewis & Clark expedition, Sacajawea guided in 1805
Crazy Horse & Sitting Bull
led Sioux & Cheyenne troops in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, helped defeat George Armstrong Custer.
First permanent English settlement
Captain John Smith, Jamestown VA
second English settlement in US
1620 Plymouth Rock
Reasons for exploration & European colonization
-Trade routes, Asia
-Gold and other resources like silver (at first to get for the glory of the King
-religious conflict between Catholics and Protestants
Church of England, Henry 8, 1534
made his own church to divorce, about power, breakdown in absolute authority
Catholic Response, religious wars travelling from Europe to New World
if people allowed God's will to rule and guide the community, peace, harmony and prosperity would follow. If the community did not live up to that ideal, however, God's wrath would come down and destroy the community.
Reverend Thomas Hooker
founded Hartford, along the Connecticut River, in 1635. He helped to draft the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, a type of constitution created for the settlement in 1639. The Fundamental Orders were unique because they did not reference the King or any other government or power outside of Connecticut.
New England Colonies
NORTHERN COLONIES (mostly fr. England & Scotland):
(mostly from Netherlands, Holland, Sweden)
last permanent colony
Dutch relation to Native Americans
Also looking for Asia, trade, marketable goods
no religious agenda
not big on conquest
business centered primarily
Tolerant of Native culture, interracial marriage, men joined female families
co-exist, embrace culture
French relation to Native Americans
expand fur trade at 1st, later growth of plantations in Louisiana, brought slaves; had more cooperative colonists and Indian allies, but William Pitt was strong leader and British won.
Part of the Britain vs. French wars
1651, British attempt to dominate international trade. Banned foreign ships, esp. the Dutch. Many British colonists made a lot of money in ship building
post French & Indian War, B. was in debt
had to do with Br. trying to slow westward expansion
erupted when a Massachusetts colonist accused an Indian of murdering a settler, and conflict erupted between the two groups. The English set fire to their village and as the Indians fled their huts the Puritans shot and killed them. During the war, hundreds of this tribe were indiscriminately killed, virtually eliminating the tribe.
Significance of King Philip's war
New Englanders fought without help from the British Army
Describe the institutionalization of African slavery in the Western Hemisphere
White indentured servants were slaves at first, but they rebelled. They were cheaper than slaves from Africa and not as easily susceptible to disease. By the 1680's there were less people coming in from England because wages went up over there. That was when more African slaves came into the picture. People made lots of money off slavery. Black slaves became "property" as well as their children. Discrimination took over more than economic reasons.
Slavery's consequences in sub-Saharan Africa
The slave trade had a big impact on the Africa and its people. African states were destroyed and taken over by Europeans and the trade. The populations of these states were decimated and millions of Africans were forcibly removed from their homes. Many African territories were then colonized by Europeans, and the states lost wealth. The slave trade forced African states to have to rebuild after the slave trade, and many states are still struggling. It has also taken a cultural toll on Africa. Many European traditions still remain, and many indigenous tribes were wiped out. The Europeans left a shadow in Africa.
Which battle was a turning point in the Revolutionary War?
Saratoga; Colonists strong, France joined them after B. general John Burgoyne was defeated - 1st major American win, 1777
1783 Treaty of Paris
The Definitive docment of Peace Between Great Britain and the United States of America
which region did American Indians of the 16th century organize significant political confederacies?
Eastern Woodlands and Southeast
The five Iroquois nations, characterizing themselves as "the people of the longhouse,"
Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.
Choctaw Indian Nation traces its ancestry to ...
Mississippi and some sections of Alabama.
The early political organization of the Choctaw Tribe can be described as...
loose confederation of three political districts. Each of the districts had a District Chief who attained his position through demonstrated leadership potential; Each town had its own Village Chief. In addition, each town had an Assistant Chief who organized the festivals, dances, and a War Chief who acted as leader of the town's warriors. It was customary for the War Chief to appoint two assistants who became the town's military captains.
Creek Native Americans
Otherwise known as Muscogees, or Muscogulges, names that in their language identified them as people living on land that was wet or prone to flooding; governed themselves democratically. Each town elected a chief who served for life; later divided over slavery debates.