Crime and Punishment
Terms in this set (21)
Noun [countable and uncountable]
the crime of intentionally killing a person:
Two sisters have been charged with (= officially accused of) murder.
There were three murders in the town last year.
The three were convicted of (= proved guilty of) murder.
a murder weapon (= a weapon used to commit a murder)
[ C or U ] a building where criminals are forced to live as a punishment:
Conditions in the prison are said to be appalling.
He's spent a lot of time in prison.
She went to/was sent to prison for six months.
It was a maximum-security prison (= intended to be especially difficult to escape from).
They should put him in prison and throw away the key!
a prison cell/sentence/guard
work done without payment to help other people. Criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do community service.
Noun [ C or U ]
- the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing things
-entry into a building illegally with intent to commit a crime, especially theft.
Noun[COUNTABLE] an illegal activity or action
commit a crime (=do something illegal): She was unaware that she had committed a crime.
the scene of a crime (=where it happened): There were no apparent clues at the scene of the crime.
Noun [ C ] a person who sees an eventhappening, especially a crime or anaccident:
Police are appealing for witnesses to the accidentto come forward.
According to (eye) witnesses, the robbery wascarried out by two teenage boys.
Noun [ C or U ] an occasion when someone is kidnapped
verb [ T ]
to take a person away illegally by force, usually in order to demand money inexchange for releasing them.
1. to hurt the feelings, sense of dignity, etc, of (a person)
2. (intransitive except in archaic uses) to break (a law or laws in general)
Use in sentence:
1. I was re-offended
2. I hope Tom wasn't offended
punishment by death, as ordered by a legal system (eg for committing murder)
someone or something that has been hurt, damaged, or killed or has suffered, either because of the actions of someone or something else, or because of illness or chance
The children are the innocent/helpless victims of the fighting.
Noun [countable or uncountable]
an illegal copy of a document, painting, etc. or the crime of making such illegal copies:
These banknotes are forgeries.
He increased his income by forgery.
to make an illegal copy of something in order to deceive:
a forged passport
a forged signature
A number of forged works of art have been sold as genuine.
noun [countable or uncountable]
the crime of getting money by deceiving people:
credit card fraud
He is fighting extradition to Hong Kong to face trial on fraud charges.
dishonest and illegal:
A worrying trend for insurers has been a rise in fraudulent claims.
to try to make someone do something for you by giving them money, presents, or something else that they want :
He bribed immigration officials and entered the country illegally.
[ + to infinitive ] They bribed the waiter to find them a better table.
money or a present that you give to someone so that they will do something for you, usually something dishonest:
He was accused of accepting/taking bribes from wealthy businessmen.
the death penalty
the legal punishment of death for a crime:
She would like to see the return of the death penalty in Britain.
noun [ countable]
a punishment, or the usual punishment, for doing something that is against a law:
The law carries a penalty of up to three years in prison.
They asked for the maximum penalty for hoax calls to be increased to one year.
The protesters were told to clear the area around the building, on penalty of arrest (= or be arrested) if they did not.
the crime of intentionally starting a fire in order to damage or destroy something, especially a building:
A cinema was burned out in north London last night. Police suspect arson.
someone who commits the crime of arson
Police are blaming arsonists for the spate of fires in the Greenfields housing estate.