Chapter 13 Janda
Terms in this set (25)
What term describes the federal employees who are experts in their narrow areas and work within specified limits of responsibility?
Your text notes that since the start of the twentieth century, American government seems to have
Which of the following is cited in your text as a principal cause of the expansion of government over time?
the increasing complexity of society
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are examples of twentieth-century bureaucracies created to
regulate specific industries.
What are the biggest units of the executive branch, covering broad areas of government responsibility?
Which of the following are examples of cabinet departments?
Interior, Justice, and Education
What term is used to describe any organization within the executive branch that is NOT part of a cabinet department?
The postal service is an example of a(n)
The goal of the Pendleton Act of 1883 was to
reduce the practice of patronage.
People are often surprised or confused about the fact that the country's major administrative agencies
actually make policy.
Which of the following is an example of administrative discretion?
Congress allowing the FCC to create broadcasting guidelines
Which agencies are granted the broadest discretion by Congress, and therefore have the most freedom to make policy decisions on their own?
those involved in domestic and global security
Which administrative process do government agencies use with the goal of issuing regulations?
Airline regulations, such as those issued by the Department of Transportation after Congress threatened to enact a "passenger bill of rights," represent a perfect example of
freedom versus order.
In his analysis of the way policy is made, Charles Lindblom found that the ''rational-comprehensive'' model for the decision-making process is
Incrementalism is a primary characteristic of modern policymaking, referring to the fact that in real life policies are made by
making changes bit by bit and step by step.
Part of a large organization's culture of bureaucracy is the development of informal, unwritten rules that guide individual behavior called
After the development of a policy, the next phase in the policymaking cycle is
When new regulations in the EPA's amended Clean Air Act were followed so that pollution could be reduced in Los Angeles, which common difficulty of implementation was demonstrated?
sharing responsibility with many agencies and layers of government
Which regulatory philosophy aims to achieve equilibrium, a situation in which the targeted problem is balanced by gains that improve lives or businesses?
Which common approach to reform focuses on measuring agency results and holding bureaucrats accountable for meeting expectations?
setting performance standards
Advocates of ________ envision eliminating layers of bureaucracy and reducing the rules that govern business markets.
The text describes Dr. Frances Kelsey's actions during the FDA approval process for thalidomide in 1960 to explain why
strict adherence to regulations can be crucial in protecting consumers.
One widespread adaptation of competitive bidding to administer government programs has come in the area of
The Government Performance and Results Act requires that bureaucratic agencies
identify goals and report on their progress in meeting them.