100 terms

US Citizenship Interview

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What is the supreme law of the land?
The Constitution
What does the constitution do?
-sets up the government
-defines the government
-protects the basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the people
What is an amendment?
A change or an addition
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The Bill of Rights
What is one right or freedom from the first Amendment?
-press
-religion
-assembly
-petition the government
-speech
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
27
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
-Announced our independence
-Declared our independence
-Said that the US is free
*from Great Britain
What are 2 rights in the declaration of independence?
-life
-liberty
-pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion or none at all
What is the economic system in the US?
-capitalist economy
-market economy
What is the "rule of law"?
-Everyone must follow the law
-Leaders must obey the law
-Government must obey the law
-No one is above the law
Name one branch or part of the government?
-judicial
-Congress
-legislative
-executive
-President
-the courts
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
-checks and balances
-separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
The President
Who makes federal laws?
-Congress
-Senate and House
-legislature
What are the 2 parts of the US Congress?
Senate and House
How many US senators are there?
100
We elect a US senator for how many years?
6
Who is one of your state's US senators now?
Barbara Boxer
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
435
We elect a US Representative for how many years?
2
Name your US Representative
Loretta Sanchez
Who does a US Senator represent?
All people of the state
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
Some states have more population
We elect a president for how many years?
4
In what month do we vote for President?
November
What is the name of the President of the US now?
Barack Obama
What is the name of the Vice President of the US now?
Joe Biden
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Speaker of the House
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
The President
Who signs bills to become laws?
The President
Who vetoes bills?
The President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Advises the President
What are 2 Cabinet-level positions?
-Secretary of Defense
-Secretary of Energy
What does the judicial branch do?
-reviews laws
-explains laws
-resolves disputes
-decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the US?
The Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
9
Who is the Chief Justice of the US now?
John Roberts
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
To print money
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Provide safety
Who is the governor of your state now?
Jerry Brown
What is the capital of your state?
Sacramento
What are the 2 major political parties in the US?
Democratic and Republican
What is the political party of the President now?
Democratic
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Paul Ryan
There are 4 amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe 1 of them.
Any citizen can vote
What is 1 responsibility that is only for US citizens?
Serve on a jury
Name one right only for US citizens
Vote on a federal election
What are 2 rights of everyone living in the US?
-freedom of expression
-freedom of speech
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
-The United States
-the flag
What is 1promise you make when you become a US citizen?
Be loyal to the US
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
18 and older
What are 2 ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
-vote
-join a political party
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
April 15
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
Between ages 18-26
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Freedom
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
-American Indians
-Native Americans
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans
Why did the colonists fight the British?
-high taxes
-the British army stayed in their houses
-they didn't have self government
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three.
New York
New Jersey
Virginia
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written
When was the Constitution written?
1787
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the US Constitution. Name one of the writers.
Alexander Hamilton
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
US diplomat
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
George Washington
Who was the first President?
George Washington
What territory did the US buy from France in 1803?
Louisiana
Name 1 war fought by the US in the 1800s
Civil War
Name the US war between the North and the South
Civil War
Name 1 problem that led to the Civil War?
Slavery
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
Freed the slaves
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaves
What did Susan B Anthony do?
Fought for women and civil rights
Name 1 war fought by the US in the 1900s
World War 1
Who was the President during World War 1?
Woodrow Wilson
Who was the President during thru Great Depression and World War 2?
Franklin Roosevelt
Who did the US fight in World War 2?
Japan, Italy, and Germany
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general in what war?
World War 2
What did Martin Luther King Jr do?
Fought for civil rights and equality for all Americans
What major event happened on 9/11/2011 in the US?
Terrorists attacked the US
Name 1 American Indian tribe in the US?
Cherokee
Name 1 of the 2 longest rivers in the US
The Mississippi river
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the US?
Communism
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
Civil Rights movement
What ocean is on the West Coast of the US?
Pacific Ocean
What ocean is on the East Coast of the US?
Atlantic Ocean
Name 1 US territory
Guam
Name 1 state that borders Canada
New York
Name 1 state that borders Mexico
California
What is the Capital of the US?
Washington DC
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
Liberty Island in New York
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
There were 13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
The stars represent the states
What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
July 4
Name 2 national US days
Christmas and New Years