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Chapter 2 Theories of Language Acquisition
Terms in this set (34)
Refers to descriptive statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena.
What is a good theory of language acquisition?
It provides explanations for how and why children develop their capacity for language across the different domains.
Who is interested in theories of language acquisition?
Psychologists, SLP, educators, parents,linguists/ sociolinguists, etc.
Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)
The process of integrating theoretical knowledge with scientific inquiry to inform decision making.
(theoretical research) Studying language development primarily to generate and refine the existing knowledge base.
Studying language development to test different approaches and practices that pertain to real-world settings or to address specific problems in society and to inform practices relevant to language development
What are the three approaches to the study of language development?
1. Speech Perception
3. Language Comprehension
What three questions should theories answer?
1. What do infants bring to the task of language learning?
2. What mechanism drive language acquisition?
3. What types of input support the language learning system?
Used-inspired Basic Research
A type of research that concentrates on building connections between theory and practice.
Help researcher learn about the kinds of language abilities infants have when they are born and how children use their speech perception to learn language; how you are perceiving the sounds you are receiving
What you are saying; the ability to use language expressively.
Studies in which experts compile data from individuals on a certain aspect of language development and from these data determine and chart the ages (or grades) by which children typically meet certain milestones.
The ability to understand language.
Behaviorism (Skinner, 1957)
Key Concepts: operant conditiong and reinforcement
Social-Interactionist Theory (Vygotsky)
Language emerges through social interaction with peer and adults
Cognitive Theory (Piaget)
Children's speech begins as egocentric because children can view the world only from their own perspective.
Universal Grammar (Chomsky)
Humans are born with specie-specific capacity for language (LAD)
Lanugage is processed at two levels. What are they?
True or False: Every sentence has deep and surface structure
Behaviorism and Psycholinguistic models cannot account for meaning.
Full account of language must include meaning
Objects or persons that exist in the environment.
Refer to the disappearance of an object
Reappearance of an object or event
Mentioning an attribute of an object
Refer to the movement relationships
Refer to states of affairs
Production of the utterance
Illocutionary Act or Force
The affect of the act on the listener
Both biology and experience are engaged in the emergence of language.
Recognizes the influence of biology and environment
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