34 terms

Quarter 1 Social Studies

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Scale
Sets of lines that allow you to estimate real distance between points on a map
Equator
An imaginary line drawn dividing the earth into Southern and Northern hemispheres
Ocean
The largest bodies of salt water that cover more than two thirds of the earth's surface
Key/Legend
Part of a map that is used to tell about what pictures and symbols mean
Symbol
A picture or thing that represents or stands for something else
Compass
A tool that shows cardinal directions to make things easier to locate
Cardinal Directions
North, South, East, and West on a compass
Intermediate Directions
Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, and Southwest on a compass
Grid
A system that divides a map into squares, making it easier to find things on a map
Time Zone
Area that shares the same time
Cartographer
Person that creates maps
Landform
A natural feature of earth's surface
Geography
Study of the earth and its living creatures
Physical Map
Shows land forms such as mountains and oceans
Political Map
Shows cities, countries, and states
Climate Map
Shows temperature and weather
Street Map
Shows roads, highways, travel routes, and railroads
Elevation Map
Show height of mountains and depths of valleys and oceans
Continent
Any of the seven large continuous land masses that make up most of the dry land on Earth's surface
Globe
A round, 3-D representation of the earth
Map
A 2-D, flat model showing information or giving directions of a particular place.
Latitude
Imaginary lines on a map or globe that run west to east and help give specific locations. These lines are parallel to the equator.
Longitude
Imaginary lines on a map or globe that run north to south and help give specific locations. These lines are parallel to the Prime Meridian.
Prime Meridian
An imaginary line that divides the earth into western and eastern hemispheres
Region
An area that shares the same landforms, customs, and weather
Summarize
After reading a passage, writing the main idea concisely.
Evaluate
Using your own knowledge to make a choice
Analyze
Using given information to draw conclusions and answer questions
Observe
Look at and make conclusions from what you see
Climate
the average weather conditions of a region over a period of years
Culture
the beliefs, social practices, and characteristics of everyday life shared by people in a particular place or time
Population
the number of people living in a country or region
Compare
to examine in order to discover similarities
Contrast
to show the differences between two persons or things