21 terms

Social Studies Chapter 11

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government
The laws and people that run a country, state, county, city, or town.
municipal government
A local or city government.
elect
To choose by voting.
mayor
A head of a city government.
city council
A legislative branch of city government; a group of representatives that makes a city's laws and decides how it should spend it's money.
city manager
A person hired to run the city's daily business.
county
One of the sections into which a state or country is divided.
democracy
A system of government in which the people elect their leaders.
checks and balances
The system in which the power of each branch of government is balanced by the powers of the other branches.
budget
A plan for using an amount of money for specific purposes.
legislative branch
The branch of the government that makes the laws.
bill
A written idea for a law.
veto
The power of the executive branch to reject a bill passed by the legislative branch.
executive branch
The branch of government that carries out the laws.
judicial branch
The part of government that interprets the laws.
citizen
A person who is born in a country or who has earned the right to become a member of the country by law.
democratic republic
A government in which citizens elect representatives to make decisions for them.
Congress
The legislative branch of the United States government.
House of Representatives
The house of Congress in which each state
s number of representatives is determined according to its population.
Senate
The house of Congress in which each state has two members, regardless of its population.
Supreme Court
The highest court in the United States.