Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 10 Food and Agriculture
The Cultural Landscape 11th edition- Rubenstein
Terms in this set (42)
Agribusiness (p. 366)
Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
Agricultural Revolution (p. 348)
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
Agriculture (p. 347)
The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain.
Aquaculture (Aquafarming) (p. 382)
The cultivation of seafood under controlled conditions.
Cereal Grain (Cereal) (p. 352)
A grass that yields grain for food.
Chaff (p. 363)
Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing.
Combine (p. 370)
A machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field.
Commercial Agriculture (p. 350)
Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
Crop (p. 347)
Any plant gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season.
Crop rotation (p. 364)
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year to avoid exhausting the soil.
Desertification (p. 381)
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions such as excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting. Also known as semiarid land degradation.
Dietary Energy Consumption (p. 352)
The amount of food that an individual consumes, measured in kilocalories (Calories in the United States).
Double Cropping (p. 363)
Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
Food Security (p. 354)
Physical, social, and economic access at all times to safe and nutritious food sufficient to meet dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Grain (p. 352)
Seed of a cereal grass.
Green Revolution (p. 384)
Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology,especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers.
Horticulture (p. 371)
The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
Hull (p. 363)
The outer covering of a seed.
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture (p. 362)
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible field from a parcel of land.
Milkshed (p. 368)
The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied.
Paddy (p. 363)
The Malay word of wet rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah.
Pastoral Nomadism (p. 358)
A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
Pasture (p. 359)
Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
Plantation (p. 364)
A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specialized in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
Prime Agricultural Land (p. 381)
The most productive farmland.
Ranching (p. 372)
A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area.
Reaper (p. 370)
A machine that cuts cereal grain standing in a field.
Ridge Tillage (p. 386)
A system of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs to promote greater soil conservation.
Sawah (p. 363)
A flooded field for growing rice.
Shifting Cultivation (p. 360)
A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
Slash-and-burn Agriculture (p. 360)
Another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
Spring Wheat (p. 370)
Wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer.
Subsistence Agriculture (p. 350)
Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family.
Sustainable Agriculture (p. 386)
Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil-restoring crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides.
Swidden (p. 360)
A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning.
Thresh (p. 363)
To beat out grain from stalks.
Transhumance (p. 359)
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Truck Farming (p. 367)
Commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named because "truck" was a Middle English word meaning "bartering" or "exchange of commodities."
Undernourishment (p. 352)
Dietary energy consumption that is continuously below the minimum requirement for maintaining a healthy life and carrying our light physical activity.
Wet Rice (p. 362)
Rice planted on dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth.
Winnow (p. 363)
To remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind.
Winter Wheat (p. 370)
Wheat planted in the autumn and harvested in the early summer.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Human Geography Chapter 10 Food and Agriculture…
AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 10 Vocab
AP Human Geography: Food and Agriculture
AP Human Geography Chapter 10: Food and Agriculture
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP HuG Complete Set
Chapter 13 Urban Patterns
Chapter 12 Services and Settlements
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
border one exam
TopPrep Final Exam
Midterm Vocab list and study questions
CPAS Review KA SPC&T