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Terms in this set (12)
Anterior (or ventral)
To face forward; the front of the body. The chest is located anterior to the spine.
Posterior (or dorsal)
Toward the back. The kidneys are posterior to the peritoneum
Toward the head. The brain is located in the cranial portion of the body.
Toward the distal end of the body. A caudal anesthetic may be given.
Toward the head, or above. The neck is superior to the shoulders.
Lower, toward the feet, or below another. The foot is inferior to the ankle.
Toward the midline. The sternum (breastbone) is located in the medial portion of the chest.
Toward the side. The outer area of the leg, the area located on the side.
Nearest the origin of the structure; nearest the trunk. The elbow is proximal to the forearm.
Farthest from the origin of the structure; farthest from the trunk. The fingers are distal to the palm of the hand.
Near the surface. The skin of the arm is superficial to the muscles below it.
Farther away from the body surface. The bone of the upper arm is deep to the muscles that surround and cover it
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