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33 terms

X-RAY TERMS II

STUDY
PLAY
ANODE
THE POSITIVELY CHARGED ELECTRODE OF THE X-RAY TUBE; SERVER TO DECELERATE THE ELECTRONS AS WELL AS STORE AND DISSIPATE HEAT
ATOM
THE SMALLEST DIVIDED PART OF MATTER THAT CAN ENTER INTO COMBINATION OR CHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH OTHER ATOMS
ATOMIC NUMBER
THE NUMBER OF PROTONS OR POSITIVE CHARGES IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM
ATOMIC WEIGHT
THE WEIGHT OF AN ATOM AS COMPARED TO THE WEIGHT OF A CARBON ATOM
CATHODE
THE NEGATIVELY CHARGED ELECTRODE IN THE X-RAY TUBE THAT SERVES AS THE SOURCE OF ELECTRONS
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION
THE MOVEMENT OF ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS THROUGH SPACE AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT
ELECTRON
A NEGATIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE THAT REVOLVES AROUND THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM IN WELL-DEFINED ORBITS
ENERGY
THE CAPACITY FOR PERFORMING WORK
FOCUSING CUP
A METAL CUP THAT SURROUNDS AND HOUSES THE FILAMENT AND IS NEGATIVELY CHARGED; ITS PURPOSE IS TO CONDENSE OR FOCUS THE ELECTRONS PRODUCED BY THERMIONIC EMISSION
GLASS ENVELOPE
THE GLASS ENCLOSURE OF AN X-RAY TUBE THAT PROVIDES STRUCTURAL SUPPORT FOR THE COMPONENTS AND MAINTAINS THE VACUUM NECESSARY FOR OPERATION
HEAT UNIT
THE UNIT OF MEASURE OF THE HEAT PRODUCED IN AN X-RAY TUBE DURING THE PRODUCTION OF X-RAYS
HEEL EFFECT
THE UNEVEN DISTRIBUTION OF X-RAYS PRODUCED FROM THE ANODE TO CATHODE END OF THE TUBE; A DECREASE IN X-RAY INTENSITY AT THE ANODE END OF THE X-RAY TUBE
INERTIA
THE RESISTANCE A BODY OFFERS TO ANY CHANGE IN POSITION
IONIZATION
THE ADDITION OR SUBTRACTION OF AN ELECTRON FROM AN ATOM CAUSED BY BOMBARDING MATTER WITH X-RADIATION OR ELECTRONS
ISOTOPE
AN ATOM OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE SAME ATOMIC NUMBER BUT MORE OR FEWER NEUTRONS
KILOVOLTAGE
A TECHNICAL FACTOR CONTROLLING THE QUALITY OF RADIATION PRODUCED BY A RADIOGRAPHIC OR FLUOROSCOPIC UNIT
KINECTIC ENERGY
ENERGY WHICH IS THE RESULT OF A BODY BEING IN MOTION
LINE VOLTAGE COMPENSATOR
A DEVICE THAT SENSES CHANGES IN INCOMING VOLTAGE AND ALLOWS FOR EITHER AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL ADJUSTMENT FOR THE CHANGES
MAGNET
A SUBSTANCE WITH THE POWER TO ATTRACT FERROMAGNETIC SUBSTANCES
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT AS MASS AND OCCUPIES SPACE; POSSESSES THE PROPERTY OF INERTIA
MILLIAMPERE(MA)
1/1,000 OF A AMPERE
MILLIAMPERE-SECOND(MAS)
THE PRODUCT OF MILLIAMPERAGE AND TIME; A TECHNICAL UNIT TO DETERMINE THE QUANTITY OF RADIATION PRODUCED DURING A RADIOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE
MOLECULE
THE SMALLEST PART OF A SUBSTANCE THAT RETAINS ALL THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ORIGINAL SUBSTANCE
NEUTRON
A PARTICLE CONTAINED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM HAVING NO CHARGE
NUCLEUS
THE CENTRAL BODY OF AN ATOM, CONTAINING PROTONS AND NEUTRONS
POTENTIAL ENERGY
THE ENERGY INHERENT IN A BODY AT REST
PROTON
A PARTICLE CONTAINED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM, HAVING A POSITIVE ELECTRIC CHARGE
RAD
THE UNIT OF RADIATION ABSORBED DOSE RECEIVED BY HUMAN BEINGS OR ANIMALS
RECTIFICATION
A PROCESS THAT PREVENTS THE FLOW OF ELECTRONS FROM THE ANODE TO THE CATHODE
REM
THE RADIATION EQUIVALENT MAN; QUANTIFIES RADIATION DOSE FOR HUMANS
ROENTGEN(R)
THE UNIT OF RADIATION EXPOSURE OR INTENSITY; QUANTIFIES RADIATION OUTPUT OR EXPOSURE
TRANSFORMER
TWO COILS OF WIRE, INSULATED FROM ONE ANOTHER AND WRAPPED AROUND A SINGLE IRON CORE WHOSE PURPOSE IS TO CHANGE VOLTAGE FROM ONE LEVEL TO ANOTHER
WORK
THE FORCE APPLIED MULTIPLIED BY THE DISTANCE THROUGH WHICH THE FORCE ACTS