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Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (27)

The safety officer is responsible for managing the SOH program. The duty of the safety officer or safety manager is to make sure all personnel understand and strictly enforce all prescribed safety precautions. Normally, the safety officer has department-head status and seniority and is responsible for carrying out a comprehensive safety program.

The safety officer's responsibilities include the following:
Acting as the principal advisor to the commanding officer on shipboard SOH matters.
Oversee ship-wide planning to implement all elements of the SOH [program
Prepare and submit, through the chain of command, requests for external SOH support such as industrial hygiene surveys, safety surveys, safety assist visits or technical guidance.
Participating in mishap and safety investigations.
Ensure timely and accurate recording and reporting of required mishap reports.
Maintain and analyze SOH records (inspection/assessment reports, injury reports, and mishap statistics) and determine trends.
Ensure that annual internal safety inspection is performed.
Ensure dissemination of SOH information.
Schedule/coordinate required SOH training with the training officer/planning board for training. Conduct training as appropriate and ensure records of that training are maintained.
Serve as advisor-recorder of the safety council. Prepare agenda for issuance by the chairperson.
Serve as chairperson of the enlisted safety committee.
Ensure, that SOH discrepancies beyond ship's force capability are properly identified, prioritized, and documented for corrective action.
Complete the Afloat Safety Officer course (A-4J-0020) or the Submarine Safety Officer course (F-4J-0020), as appropriate, prior to or within six months of assignment.
Ensure timely processing and follow-up on safety hazard reports submitted by crew members.
Coordinate with the command's traffic safety coordinator and recreation and off-duty safety (RODS) coordinator to include these programs in the overall SOH program
Identifying hazards:
Any condition with the potential to negatively impact mission accomplishment or cause injury, death, or property damage. Hazard identification is the foundation of the entire RM process. If a hazard is not identified, it cannot be controlled.

Assessing hazards:
Each hazard identified, determine the associated degree of risk in terms of probability and severity. The result of the risk assessment is a prioritized list of hazards, which ensures that controls are first identified for the most serious threat to mission or task accomplishment. The hazard list is intended for use as a guide to the relative priority of risks involved and not as an absolute order to follow.

Making risk decisions:
There are three basic actions which ultimately lead to making informed risk decisions: identifying control options; determining the effect of these controls on the hazard or risk; and, ultimately deciding how to proceed. A key element of the risk decision is determining if the risk is acceptable. This decision must be made at the right level by the individual who can balance the risk against the mission or task potential benefit and value. This individual decides if controls are sufficient and acceptable and whether to accept the resulting residual risk.

Implementing controls:
Once the risk control decisions are made, the next step is implementation. This requires that the plan is clearly communicated to all the involved personnel, accountability is established, and necessary support is provided.
WMSDs result from the cumulative effect of repeated traumas associated with specific workplace risk factors.

Force - The amount of physical effort required to maintain control of equipment or tools or perform a task such as heavy lifting, pushing, pulling, grasping, or carrying.

Repetition - performing the same motion or series of motions continually or frequently for an extended period of time with little variation

Awkward or static postures - Awkward posture refers to positions of the body (limbs, joints, back) that deviate significantly from the neutral position while performing job tasks. For example, overhead work, extended reaching, twisting, and squatting or kneeling. Static postures refer to holding a fixed position or posture.

Vibration - Localized vibration, such as vibration of the hand and arm, occurs when a specific part of the body comes into contact with vibrating objects such as powered hand tools (e.g., chain saw, electric drill, chipping hammer) or equipment (e.g., wood planer, punch press, packaging machine). Whole-body vibration occurs when standing or sitting in vibrating environments (e.g., operating a pile driver or driving a truck over bumpy roads) or when using heavy vibrating equipment that requires whole-body involvement (e.g., jackhammers)

Contact stress - Results from occasional, repeated or continuous contact between sensitive body tissues and a hard or sharp object. Examples include resting the wrist on a hard desk edge, tool handles that press into the palms or using the hand as a hammer.