The safety officer is responsible for managing the SOH program. The duty of the safety officer or safety manager is to make sure all personnel understand and strictly enforce all prescribed safety precautions. Normally, the safety officer has department-head status and seniority and is responsible for carrying out a comprehensive safety program.
The safety officer's responsibilities include the following:
Acting as the principal advisor to the commanding officer on shipboard SOH matters.
Oversee ship-wide planning to implement all elements of the SOH [program
Prepare and submit, through the chain of command, requests for external SOH support such as industrial hygiene surveys, safety surveys, safety assist visits or technical guidance.
Participating in mishap and safety investigations.
Ensure timely and accurate recording and reporting of required mishap reports.
Maintain and analyze SOH records (inspection/assessment reports, injury reports, and mishap statistics) and determine trends.
Ensure that annual internal safety inspection is performed.
Ensure dissemination of SOH information.
Schedule/coordinate required SOH training with the training officer/planning board for training. Conduct training as appropriate and ensure records of that training are maintained.
Serve as advisor-recorder of the safety council. Prepare agenda for issuance by the chairperson.
Serve as chairperson of the enlisted safety committee.
Ensure, that SOH discrepancies beyond ship's force capability are properly identified, prioritized, and documented for corrective action.
Complete the Afloat Safety Officer course (A-4J-0020) or the Submarine Safety Officer course (F-4J-0020), as appropriate, prior to or within six months of assignment.
Ensure timely processing and follow-up on safety hazard reports submitted by crew members.
Coordinate with the command's traffic safety coordinator and recreation and off-duty safety (RODS) coordinator to include these programs in the overall SOH program
Engineering Controls. These are controls that use engineering methods to reduce risks by design, material selection, or substitution when technically or economically feasible.
Administrative Controls. These are controls that reduce risks through specific administrative actions, such as:
Providing suitable warnings, markings, placards, signs and notices.
Establishing written policies, programs, instructions, and SOPs.
Physical Controls. These controls take the form of barriers to and guards against a hazard, such as: Personal protective equipment (PPE), fences, or special oversight personnel.
Involves three actions: monitoring the effectiveness of risk controls; determining the need for further assessment of all or a portion of the mission or task due to an unanticipated change; and capturing lessons learned, both positive and negative.
SYSCOMs: SYSCOM commanders are to provide support consistent with required military capabilities with the SOH program.
BUMED: Shall Provide, Preform, and Coordinate, Support, and Train, Maintain, Develop to CNO and CMC in all aspects of Operational Health, Response Needs, and Exposure Limits, and Treatments.
COMNAVSAFECEN: Responsible for SOH program to include Recommending objectives, Develop, Collect and Analyze, Conduct Surveys, Promote Safety, Sponsor, Maintain and Provide Lessons and Assistance on Functional Safety Areas.
Naval Safety and Environmental Training Center (NAVSAFENVTRACEN): Provide, and Serve as a central source for training and dissemination of information.
NETC: Training and education to incorporate SOH in military courses including audiovisual aids
Naval Inspector General (NAVINSGEN): Coordinates the inspection program aspects of the SOH program for Navy echelon 2 commands.
PRESINSURV: Responsible for oversight inspections for forces afloat
Cover various topics applicable to employees including mishaps, compensation, MSDSs, work procedures, smoking, stress, plans and goals, radiation, etc. The supervisor can provide these at "stand-up" safety meetings at industrial regions or activities, safety stand-downs or through routed handouts/publications in offices. Formal classroom training is not required, however, where meetings or informal classroom training are conducted, document training by roster with subject, date, instructor and attendees; electronic media can be used to document such training. For non-industrial (office) regions or activities, or personnel, the supervisor should use monthly or periodic "captain's call" or other meetings or methods to distribute information to promote safety. WMSDs result from the cumulative effect of repeated traumas associated with specific workplace risk factors.
Force - The amount of physical effort required to maintain control of equipment or tools or perform a task such as heavy lifting, pushing, pulling, grasping, or carrying.
Repetition - performing the same motion or series of motions continually or frequently for an extended period of time with little variation
Awkward or static postures - Awkward posture refers to positions of the body (limbs, joints, back) that deviate significantly from the neutral position while performing job tasks. For example, overhead work, extended reaching, twisting, and squatting or kneeling. Static postures refer to holding a fixed position or posture.
Vibration - Localized vibration, such as vibration of the hand and arm, occurs when a specific part of the body comes into contact with vibrating objects such as powered hand tools (e.g., chain saw, electric drill, chipping hammer) or equipment (e.g., wood planer, punch press, packaging machine). Whole-body vibration occurs when standing or sitting in vibrating environments (e.g., operating a pile driver or driving a truck over bumpy roads) or when using heavy vibrating equipment that requires whole-body involvement (e.g., jackhammers)
Contact stress - Results from occasional, repeated or continuous contact between sensitive body tissues and a hard or sharp object. Examples include resting the wrist on a hard desk edge, tool handles that press into the palms or using the hand as a hammer.