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_________ , a Protestant, was one of the greatest rulers in English history and changed England from an island kingdom to a world power.

Queen Elizabeth I

England's _________ representatives from the entire country and had two houses—the House of Lords and the House of Commons.


Called "the wisest fool in Christendom" by a contemporary, __________ became king of England in 1603 and united England and Scotland under one monarch.

James I

Monarchs in England tried to rule with absolute power, but they met with serious opposition from _______.


The Catholic queen of Scotland, ________, plotted with Philip II of Spain to kill Elizabeth and seize the English throne.

Mary Stuart

The House of Commons represented two classes—the gentry, who were landowners without titles, and the __________ who were merchants and professional people.


Mary I, the first reigning queen of England, earned the nickname _________ for her ruthless attempts to destroy the Anglican Church.

Bloody Mary

Although it was thought to be invincible, the _________ was defeated by the English fleet in 1588, and hence Spain was no longer a threat to England.

Spanish Armada

Most of William Shakespeare's plays were performed in the _________ , which was a special building constructed for plays.

Globe Theater

Elizabeth I and other Tudor monarchs persecuted Catholics and non-Anglican Protestants, including the ________ , or Separatists, who wanted to reform the Anglican Church.


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