Aural Rehab Chapter 10
Terms in this set (26)
(Hearing related) Counseling
A professional service designed to help patients better understand and solve their hearing-related problems.
(Hearing related) Psychosocial support
The means by which speech and hearing professionals help patients achieve long-term self-sufficiency in managing the psychological and social challenges that result from hearing loss.
(Hearing related) Assertiveness training
Aimed at teaching patients to express themselves assertively in their interpersonal communication interactions and to state both negative and positive feelings directly.
Impacted by an individual's awareness of one's biological or physical self and personality, as well as the individual's sense of identity and self-worth.
Focuses on the narrative during clinician-patient encounters, and holds that our identities are shaped by the stories we derive from our life experiences. A primary goal is to externalize problems so that patients can consider their relationship with their problem, such as hearing loss, and draw upon their personal strengths and positive experiences to engage in constructive problem solving and, if advantageous, to enact an alteration of self-identity.
A counseling technique whereby clinicians abstract the essence of a patient's remarks and summarize them back to their patient.
A way to corroborate or confirm an experience or feeling. It lets patients know that you understand their feelings and what they are expressing to you, and that their feelings make sense.
Entails instilling or restoring confidence.
Information is imparted to the patient about the hearing loss and hearing disability and the recommended steps for management.
Personal adjustment counseling
Focuses on the permanency of the hearing loss and on psychological, social, and emotional acceptance.
A way to ensure retention; an informational counseling technique wherein the clinician enumerates the topics that will be covered and then announces each one before talking about it.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
A solution-oriented counseling (or therapy) approach that focuses on resolving specific problems using cognitive, behavioral, and affective elements; key to the approach is the idea that emotions result from beliefs rather than events or circumstances.
A way to reduce a patient's negative reactions in specific situations by means of repeatedly exposing the person to them in mild form, either in reality, or role-playing or by imagination.
Congruence with self
The first tenet of person-centered counseling in which clinicians act as themselves in interactions with patients and do not assume a facade of professionalism.
Unconditional positive regard
The second tenet of person-centered counseling; clinicians assume that patients know best and also assume that they have the inner resources to overcome their conversation difficulties.
The third tenet of person-centered counseling; the counselor listens to the patient's concerns and feelings about the hearing problem, reflects them back to the patient, and helps the patient identify solutions.
A counseling technique whereby clinicians paraphrase or summarize what their patient has just said. By this means, clinicians demonstrate that they are listening carefully and accurately, and also provide their patients with an opportunity to examine their own views or feelings by hearing them expressed by another person.
Entails placing yourself in the patient's situation while still remaining objective.
A nonprofit international organization that seeks to create information to help speech and hearing professionals address the psychological and social needs of patients with hearing loss.
A counseling technique that provides the patient with an alternative frame of reference from which to view a problem.
A counseling technique that helps patients realize that their feelings are normal and helps to decrease any negative emotions, such as shame or embarrassment, that they may have about hearing loss.
Instruments designed to obtain subjective information from a patient, such as information about a patient's perceived benefit from hearing aid use.
Includes the stress of adjusting to a new self-concept, the stress of living with an impaired sensory system, and the stress of living with the reactions of society to people who have a disability and who experience communication difficulties.
One's sense of belonging to a particular social group, and comprises a part of a person's self-concept.
Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA)
A self-help organization for people with hearing loss, and provides information, education, support and advocacy.
treatment for an emotional or behavioral problem in which a mental health expert discusses feelings and problems with a patient, with the goals being relief of symptoms, changes in behavioral leading to improved social/emotional/vocational functioning, and personality growth