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Developmental Psychology Chapter 10
Terms in this set (18)
in psychoanalytic theory, the fourth stage of psychosexual development, characterized by repression of sexual impulses and development of skills.
industry versus inferiority
a stage of psychosocial development in Erikson's theory occurring in middle childhood. Mastery of tasks leads to a sense of industry, whereas failure produces feelings of inferiority
development of children's understanding of the relationship between the self and others
an acquired (hence, learned) belief that one is unable to control one's environment
a gradual transferring of control from parent to child, beginning in middle childhood
a person who would prefer to be a person of the other gender and who may undergo hormone treatments, cosmetic surgery, or both to achieve the appearance of being a member of the other gender
the use of electronic devices such as cellphones, computers, and tablets to transmit threatening and taunting messages
a positive self-fulfilling prophecy in which an individual comes to display improved performance because of the positive expectation of the people with whom he or she interacts.
an event that occurs because of the behavior of those who expect it to occur
discrimination or bias against people based on their gender
unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
disorders marked by persistent breaking of the rules and violations of the rights of others
the way in which one is disposed toward interpreting outcomes (successes or failures), as in tending to place blame or responsibility on oneself or on external factors.
a neurotransmitter that is involved in mood disorders such as depression
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
an anxiety disorder in which anxiety appears to be present continuously and is unrelated to the situation
an irrational, excessive fear that interferes with one's functioning
separation anxiety disorder (SAD)
an extreme form of otherwise normal separation anxiety that is characterized by anxiety about separating from parents; SAD often takes the form of refusal to go to school
fear of attending school, marked by extreme anxiety at leaving parents.
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