apush vocab 3
Terms in this set (43)
a protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy
jay's treaty (1795)
required Great Britain to remove troops from northwestern frontier; Pinckney's Treaty with Spain opened mouth of Mississippi River to U.S. navigation.
pinckney's treaty (1795)
Signed with Spain which, fearing an Anglo-American alliance, granted Americans free navigation of the Mississippi and the disputed territory of Florida. (213)
a 1797 French attempt to bribe the United States by demanding money before discussing French seizure of neutral American ships
supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of independant states
alien and sedition acts
Laws passed by congress in 1798 that enabled the government to imprison or deport aliens and to prosecute critics of the government
a collection of articles, written in opposition to the ratification of the 1787 United States Constitution.
bill of rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
first bank of the united states
Created in 1791 by Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of Treasury, the Bank of the United States was chartered for 20 years and was to have $10mil, 1/5 of which was to be owned by the federal government.
revolution of 1800
a new kind of power steped into government which were the democratic republicas, making the first peacefull change of power in a country
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
shoot alexander hamilton, United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank
created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
"we are all republicans; we are all federalists"
Famous quote of Thomas Jefferson from his March 1801 inauguration.
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from france. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
lewis and clark expedition
an expedition sent by Thomas Jefferson to explore the northwestern territories of the United States
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court marbury v. madison
marbury v. madison
established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
speaker of the House of Representatives and political leader from Kentucky known as the great compramiser
the war of 1812 when james madison was talked into by the war hawks to attack canada.
battle of new orleans
battle in 1815 between american and british troops for control of New Orleans, ending in an american victory
7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency
Meeting by Federalists dissatisfied with the war to draft a new Constitution; resulted in seemingly traitorous Federalist party's collapse; wanted the northern states to sucssed from the union
john C. calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification, vic preseident and resigned to fight in a war against tariffs, was known as the voice of the south
tariff of 1816
This protective tariff helped American industry by raising the prices of British manufactured goods, which were often cheaper and of higher quality than those produced in the U.S.
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
Prohibits citizens of one state or foreign country from suing another state.
a Native American that belonged to the Shosone tribe that helped Lewis and Clark on their journey. She translated for them
Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
This war was about issue was the Barbary pirates' demand of tribute from American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean Sea.
Undeclared war fought at sea between the U.S. and France from 1798 to 1800.
treaty of ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
virginia and kentuckey resolutions
Democrat-Republican response to Alien and Sedition Acts. Argued states could choose to not obey a federal law. No other states supported this. led by madison and jefferson
the federalist papers
Series of newspaper articles written by John Hay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton which enumerated arguments in favor of the Constitution and refuted the arguments of the anti-federalists
judiciary act of 1789
legislation passed by congress that created the federal court system
"era of good feeling"
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no conflicts
general williams henry harrison
He is most famous for his victory over the Shawnee chief Tecumseh at the battle at Tippecanoe Creek (November 7, 1811). The incident earned Harrison the nickname "Old Tippecanoe."
The Whigs later drafted him for the presidency and he won the election of 1840
francis scott key
wrote the star spangeled banner, he was a prisoner ona british ship looking at the bombs bursting in air out of his window.
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