Vocabulary to study for the upcoming Religion test.
The belief in a single and all powerful god.
The belief in many gods that hold power over different aspects of nature.
A monotheistic faith that believes Jesus was the son of God.
A monotheistic faith that believes God delivered a series of commandments to the Prophet Moses.
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
a religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama who is also known as Buddha whose purpose was to stop suffering
In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering
in Hinduism, it is seen as the liberation of the soul from the body
Vishnu is a Hindu god who, in the trinity of gods, is the Preserver
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life
commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
in Hinduism he was the universal soul, and in the trinity of gods in Hinduism he was the Creator
good or bad deeds
founder of Buddhism
in Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
a second or new birth
one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment
"the law" of the Jewish faith; first five books of the Hebrew Bible
The promise made between the Prophet Abraham and God.
The promise made between the Prophet Moses and God.
Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command.
Prophet and lawgiver who, according to the Torah, led the Israelites out of Eqyptian captivity
the laws of the jewish people
The Promised Land
land believed to have been given to Abraham by God as part of their covenant
First group to believe in one god only = monotheism
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
the sacred writings of the Christian religions
four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians
Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
savior, incarnation of God
a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
the second holiest city; where Muhammad lived after fleeing Mecca
founder of islam; messenger of Allah
The Five Pillars
Shahada (profession of faith), Salat (ritual prayer), Zakat (almsgiving), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).
A Muslim ruler