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40 terms

World Religions

Vocabulary to study for the upcoming Religion test.
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monotheism
The belief in a single and all powerful god.
Polytheism
The belief in many gods that hold power over different aspects of nature.
Christianity
A monotheistic faith that believes Jesus was the son of God.
Judaism
A monotheistic faith that believes God delivered a series of commandments to the Prophet Moses.
Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Hinduism
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
Buddhism
a religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama who is also known as Buddha whose purpose was to stop suffering
Eightfold Path
In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering
Moksha
in Hinduism, it is seen as the liberation of the soul from the body
Vishnu
Vishnu is a Hindu god who, in the trinity of gods, is the Preserver
Caste System
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life
Upanishads
commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
Brahman
in Hinduism he was the universal soul, and in the trinity of gods in Hinduism he was the Creator
Karma
good or bad deeds
Siddartha Guatama
founder of Buddhism
Enlightenment
in Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe
Nirvana
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
Reincarnation
a second or new birth
Buddha
one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment
Torah
"the law" of the Jewish faith; first five books of the Hebrew Bible
First Covenant
The promise made between the Prophet Abraham and God.
Second Covenant
The promise made between the Prophet Moses and God.
Abraham
Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command.
Moses
Prophet and lawgiver who, according to the Torah, led the Israelites out of Eqyptian captivity
10 Commandments
the laws of the jewish people
The Promised Land
land believed to have been given to Abraham by God as part of their covenant
Hebrews
First group to believe in one god only = monotheism
Jesus
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
Bible
the sacred writings of the Christian religions
Gospels
four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
Constantine
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians
Paul
Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
Messiah
savior, incarnation of God
Arabia
a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf
Mecca
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
Medina
the second holiest city; where Muhammad lived after fleeing Mecca
Muhammad
founder of islam; messenger of Allah
The Five Pillars
Shahada (profession of faith), Salat (ritual prayer), Zakat (almsgiving), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).
Caliph
A Muslim ruler
Shar'ia
Islamic Law