CP Biology Wayne Hills HS

30 terms by simone56

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Chapter 2 Vocabulary


Compounds that forms hydrogen ions in solutions


compound that produces hydroxide ions in solution


weak acid or base that can react with strong acids or gases to help prevent sharp sudden change in ph


small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers


large compound formed from combinations of many monomer


compound made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms


single sugar molecule


large macromolecule formed from monosaccharides


macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms

nucleic acid

macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus


attraction between molecules of the same substances


attraction between molecules of different substances


materials composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined


mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of the substances are evenly distributed


substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution


substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution


mixture of water and non-dissolved materials

pit scale

measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution


monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base

ribonucleic acid

(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose

deoxyribonucleic acid

(DNA) nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose


macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

amino acid

compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxly group on the other end

chemical reaction

process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals


element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction


element o compound produced by a chemical reaction

activation energy

energy needed to get a reaction started


substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction


Protein that acts as a biological catalyst


reaction of an enzyme catalyst reaction

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