# LP 11 Hypertension

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What is hypertension?
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Omega 2 fatty acids and fish oils can reduce BP and triglycerides, exercise can decrease renin levels and decrease BP, salt causes water retention which increases tension in vascular space so pt should follow DASH diet, low K+/Ca++/vitamin D is also associated with hypertension, young black men have higher BP and lower K+ in general so they need to be cautious
Genetics, race, sex, age. Black pts has an increase in BP starting in pre-teen years, their BP stays higher at night rather than dropping (as usually happens for other races). With end-stage renal disease, the medication is better to give within the first 12 hours and is often given at night to help preserve kidney function. Men are more likely to get hypertension until menopause and then it equals out.