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political parties granted jobs and favors to party regulars who delivered votes on election day (conflict within Republican party)
Judiciary Act of 1801
passed by the departing federalist congress, it created sixteen new federal judgeships ensuring a federalist hold on the judiciary
federal justices appointed by John Adams during the last days of his presidency; positions revoked when the newly elected Republican Congress repealed the Judiciary Act
Marbury Vs. Madison
SC case that established the principle of "judicial review" (idea that SC had the final authority to determine constitutionality)
four-year conflict between the American navy and the North African nation of Tripoli over piracy in the Mediterranean; Jefferson deployed American forces and secured a peace treaty with Tripoli
Corps of Discovery
team of adventurers led by Lewis and Clark, sent by Jefferson to explore LA territory; found water route to Pacific
orders in council
edicts issued by the British crown closing French-owned European ports to foreign shipping; French cut off American merchants from trade with both parties
act of forcibly drafting an individual into a military service (British navy against US seamen in times of war against France)
conflict between Britain and US that precipitated the 1807 embargo; British ships fired on America Chesapeake off of VA coast
enacted in response to British and French mistreatment of AM merchants, banned exports of all goods from US to any foreign port; strains on US eco not European eco
passed alongside the repeal of the embargo act; reopened trade with all nations but BR and FR
Macon's Bill No. 2
aimed at resuming peaceful trade with BR and FR; Napolean offered to lift restrictions on BR ports, so america was forced to declare embargo
demo-republican congressmen who pressed Madison to declare war on BR (resented BR constraint on AM trade)
Battle of Tippecanoe
resulted in defeat of Shawnee chief Tenskwatawa at hands of William Henry Harrison in Indiana; Tecumseh forged an alliance with the British against the US
American minister who negotiated in Paris for New Orleans when asked how much he would pay for all LA; signed for all of LA for 15 million dollars
ex-slave who was betrayed by the French and indirectly set up the sale of LA to the US
Jefferson's first term VP, federalist extremist plotted secession of New England and New York; Hamilton foiled the plan; killed Hamilton in a duel
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