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health psychology ch 11-15
Terms in this set (60)
Unlike anxiety and denial, depression:
may be a long-term reaction to chronic illness.
Functional somatic disorders are:
more common in women than in men.
Which of the following activities is performed by occupational therapists?
Planning and directing recreational activities to help patients become more self-sufficient
Succeeding through vocational and avocational activities is also an important source of self-esteem and the self-concept. Which self-evaluation aspect of the self-concept explains this?
Which of the following is a predictor of depression among chronically ill patients?
Immediately after a chronic illness is diagnosed, _
patients experience a psychological disequilibrium
Which of the following is true of caregiving?
It threatens the health of elderly caregivers.
Who is most likely to have a negative aura of their body image?
Sandra, who lost her hair as a result of chemotherapy
Denial is useful in helping patients to:
control their emotional reaction to illness.
Medical measures of quality of life are:
poorly correlated with patients' and relatives' assessments.
Which of the following predicts adherence to chronic disease regimens?
Knowledge of the treatment regimen
Which of the following is true of denial?
It is a defense mechanism by which people avoid the implications of an illness.
After infancy, the main cause of death among children younger than age 15 is:
Researchers on death have suggested that cognitive-behavioral therapies like _____ can be effectively employed with dying patients.
Hospice care is aimed at achieving:
The infant mortality rate in the United States:
is higher than that in most western European countries.
According to Turk and Feldman (1992a, 1992b), the hospitalized terminally ill patient runs the risk of being _____ by the medical staff.
In the age group of 15 to 24, the homicide rate among black males is nearly _____ times that of young white males.
Which of the following factors predicts mortality in the elderly age group?
Reduced life satisfaction
Patients are less likely to turn to alternative treatments when they are satisfied:
with the interpersonal aspects of their medical care.
According to the research cited in the text, a substantial percentage of terminally ill patients prefer:
Therapy with the dying differs from traditional psychotherapy in that it is likely to:
depend on the energy level of the patient.
One of the important contributing factors to midlife crisis is the:
gradual realization of impending death.
When young children experience the impending death of a sibling, the best approach is:
to inform them in advance about the impending death.
People who are both hostile and _____ have an increased risk for metabolic syndrome and CHD.
Cardiac invalidism occurs when:
patients and their spouses underestimate a patient's physical abilities.
Which of the following is true of stroke?
Stroke risk factors overlap with those for heart disease.
Type II diabetes:
is a non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Men and women in the United States face a similar chance of developing hypertension:
between ages 55 and 64.
involves difficulty in identifying and describing emotion.
Which of the following best predicts compliance with a diabetic treatment regimen?
Improving the diabetics' ability to independently regulate their own behavior
According to a study of hypertension risk factors by Ewart (1991), a family environment that fosters _____ contributes to hypertension.
Individuals who are high in hostility:
show exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity
The combination of obesity centered around the waist, high levels of triglycerides, low levels of HDL cholesterol, and difficulty metabolizing blood sugar are symptomatic of:
Which of the following job factors relates to increased risk of CHD?
High work demands and low control
Successful cardiac rehabilitation depends critically on:
a patient's active participation and commitment.
Which of the following statements is true of osteoarthritis?
It can be managed by reducing one's weight.
develops when the smooth lining of a joint, known as the articular cartilage, begins to crack or wear away because of overuse, injury, or other causes.
Which of the following best describes rheumatoid arthritis?
It is an autoimmune disorder.
All cancers result from:
a dysfunction in DNA.
Susan has breast cancer. She is anxious and depressed. Although she receives a lot of help from her family and friends, she is unable to manage her treatment regime. She is scared of losing the organ and is worried about the reoccurrence of the cancer and pain. She is also worried that her cancer might be fatal. Her oncologist is like to recommend her therapy that follows the _____ format.
Cancer patients who receive social support are likely to express:
improved immunologic responses, as it helps to improve their psychological status.
Juan is very stressed about his recent divorce. He is preoccupied with his ex-wife. How is this stress likely to affect his immune system?
His immune system will be less active than before.
Long-term provision of care to friends or family members with long-term illness has been linked to adverse effects on almost all functional measures of the immune system. This can be attributed to caregivers':
experience of severe stressors.
may mute the adverse effects of stress on the immune system.
HIV primarily affects:
helper T cells and macrophages.
Albert has been suffering from cancer for a year. The progression of the disease was faster in the first few months and later decreased gradually. Although Albert was suffering from cancer, the symptoms were more controlled in the later months. Which of the following is most likely the reason for the change in the course of the disease?
He was not able to accept that he was suffering from cancer during the first few months.
The interactions among behavioral, neuroendocrine, and immunological processes of adaptation are referred to as:
_____ have an important role to play in addressing thorny issues such as assisted suicide, living will, and the patient's right to die.
have poorer health at all ages and higher levels of depression, hostility, anxiety, and other emotional risk factors for chronic disease.
is the only country where health care for most people is financed by for-profit, minimally regulated, private insurance companies.
Sara, a health psychologist, uses technology effectively to implement behavioral interventions. To ensure a patient with a poor memory to adhere to the medicine intake schedule strictly, she will most likely:
send electronic reminders to take medications at the appropriate time.
Which of the following is true of social support?
Social support is likely to benefit both the provider and the recipient.
Several schools organize programs that expose fifth and sixth graders to antismoking before they begin the habit of smoking. This is an example of a _____ program.
Maximizing the number of good years during which a person is free from the burdens of chronic illness:
produces a higher quality of life.
Most health psychologists work in:
_____ is currently endemic and will shortly supplant smoking as the major avoidable contributor to mortality.
_____ is expected to bring insurance coverage to many of the currently uninsured in the United States.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
A continued collaboration with the medical community and medical treatments by psychologists is vital in a
Significant gains in the quality of life would best be achieved by reorienting the focus of health promotion toward
reducing the period of morbidity.
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