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Deliberate use of intervention strategies and group processes to accomplish individual, group, and community goals using the value base and ethical practice principles of the social work profession.
Group Worker Task
To engage in activities that facilitate the growth and development of the group and it's members during each development stage.
Stages of Development (6)
Focus on core competencies
Practice with a broad range of groups
Focus on individual members, groups as a whole and the group's environment
Integration of specialized knowledge and skills
Recognition of interactional and and situational nature of leadership
Human Worth and Dignity
Group Work Values
Freedom to Participate
Mutual Decision Making
Four Key Group Work Values
Respect and Dignity
Solidarity and Mutual Aid
-Unity and healing through relationships
-Give up ignorance, judgments and prejudices
Group Work Purposes
Personal Growth and Development
Formal (formed) Groups
Groups that come together through an outside influence or intervention
Ex: Therapy, education, committees, social action, teams.
Informal (natural) Groups
Groups that come together spontaneously based on events, interpersonal attraction, etc.
Ex: Families, peer groups, classrooms.
To meet the socio-emotional needs of clients (e.g., for support, education, therapy, growth, socialization, self-help, etc.)
To accomplish a goal that is not immediately linked to the needs of the members of the group.
Common in agencies to:
Meet client needs
Meet organizational needs
Meet community needs
A group of professionals that create a treatment or discharge plan for a patient.
Advantages of Group Work
Practice new behaviors and communication
Creating surrogate family of origin
Learning from others
Disadvantages of Group Work
Vulnerable to confidentiality breaches
Focus on more talkative participants
Possible negative reactions to unusual behavior
Group VS Individual Intervention
Groups can be effective, efficient, have fewer drop-outs, and can be helpful for people experiencing isolation, or in need of social support, or practicing relationship skills.
Individual Interventions can be more appropriate for people with intense, highly personal psychological problems.
From Multiple Sources-Vicarious Identification with and understanding of members' situations by peers and the worker.
providing help and mutual support to other group members is therapeutic for the member who shares experiences and knowledge
Instillation of hope by other group members who have coped effectively with similar situations.
Practice of New Behaviors
Other members provide opportunities to try out new behaviors in the safe environment of the group.
Sharing ways of being and getting feedback about whether they are realistic and socially acceptable
Working through preciously unsatisfactory relationships with family members, peers, and friends with the help of group members.
A wide pool of knowledge about concerns and the resources and services to help with these concerns.
Recreation of the Family of Origin
Group members serve as surrogate family and symbolically represent family members
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