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As the electron transport carriers shuttle electrons, they actively pump _____________ into the outer membrane compartment setting up a concentration gradient called the proton motive force.
Enzymes that are always present in constant amounts in a cell are called _____________.
Biosynthetic reactions that require energy for the conversion of molecular subunits into larger molecules are called __________.
In anaerobic respiration, all of the following can serve as the final electron acceptor, except
In cellular respiration, which of the following represents the correct order of events?
Food; glycolysis; Krebs cycle; electron transport chain
The Calvin cycle operates during which part of photosynthesis?
Only in the light-independent reactions
What is the electron source for electron transport in photosynthesis in most cells?
What is the concentration gradient for hydrogen ions that is produced during the electron transport chain called?
Proton motive force
What is the term for the concept that one molecule can act at multiple places along metabolic pathways?
At the end of the Krebs cycle a molecule of ___________________ is produced to restart the cycle.
Enzymes that are produced only when substrate is present are termed _______________.
Catabolism is a form of metabolism in which ____________________ molecules are converted into _________________ molecules.
As hydrogen ions move through the ______________, ADP is phosphorylated because of a conformational change.
What process is very similar to a reverse of glycolysis?
The breakdown of fats into acetyl CoA that can enter the Krebs cycle is called _______________.
A holoenzyme is a combination of a protein and one or more substances called ____________.
How many rounds of the Krebs cycle occur as a result of 1 molecule of glucose entering glycolysis?
How many compounds are involved in carrying out the electron transport that occurs during the respiratory chain?
The process of using energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide to organic carbon compounds such as glucose is called ____________________.
During which of the phases of cellular respiration is the majority of ATP formed?
A substance that will increase the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the reaction is called a ______________..
In addition to oxaloacetate, the products of the krebs cycle are _________________.
NADH, FADH2, ATP, and CO2
What is the term for the incomplete oxidation of a carbohydrate in the absence of oxygen?
Intermediaries in ________ can be used to produce amino acids.
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