23 terms

ICP CH11 Motion Exam

SI unit for speed/velocity
m/s (meters per second)
SI unit for acceleration
m/s² (meters per second squared)
Graph: distance vs. time (slope)
slope = velocity
Graph: speed vs. time (slope)
slope = acceleration
Net force
the combination of all forces acting on an object
When is friction greatest?
When surfaces or rough, but overall shapes are flat.
Positive accelerations
Speed is increasing
Negative accelerations
Speed is decreasing
Acceleration is zero
The object is not moving
Positive velocity
Position is increasing (object moving forward)
Negative velocity
Position is decreasing (object moving backward)
Velocity is zero
Object is not moving.
Speed and direction
When changing direction
This is a change in velocity, so acceleration applies!
Static friction
friction between objects that are stationary
Kinetic friction
friction between moving surfaces
Rolling friction
the friction force that acts on rolling objects
the force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touching
example of kinetic friction
the friction between your car windshield and the air as you drive down the road
the fundamental forces
gravity, electromagnetic force, weak nuclear force, strong nuclear force (aka gravity, charges, nuclear)
On a speed vs. time graph, constant acceleration is represented by...
A straight line
On a distance vs. time graph, constant velocity is represented by
A straight line
Distance vs. time graph with a constant velocity of 10cm/s