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Tallmadege Amendment

attached to the Missouri statehood bill, this amendment would have gradually abolished slavery in that new state despite its application as a slave state. This set off an intense debate in the Congress.


a government that is limited in its powers.

Founding Fathers

Common term for the 55 men who drafted the Constitution.

Proclamation of 1763

temporarily prohibited colonists from settling in the land acquired from France after the French and Indian War.

Quartering Act

required colonists to provide food and housing for British troops after the French and Indian War.

Samuel Gompers

creator of the American Federation of Labor, a pioneering labor union.

15th Amendment

The Amendment guaranteeing blacks the right to vote.

Quebec Act

transferred control of the Ohio Valley to the French settlers in Canada and protected their religion and culture under British rule.

legislative branch

the part of the government responsible for making laws.

Alexander Graham Bell

Scottish immigrant who accidentally developed the telephone.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

her novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, probably persuaded more Americans to oppose slavery than any other abolitionist literature.

"Mother" Jones

radical female socialist who created the Knights of Labor

benign neglect

Britain's informal policy (from 1607-1763) of ruling the colonies loosely, often failing to enforce its laws strictly.

Stamp Act

first direct tax on the colonies, on any paper product or legal document.

gradual emancipation

a method of abolishing slavery slowly so that the transition from a slave to a wage labor system is less disruptive.

Cornelius Vanderbilt

this poorly educated, rough, rude, ruthless man made a fortune in steamboat shipping, then went into the early railroad industry.


French term meaning "let it be" that is commonly used to describe an economic system free from government regulation or control.

Declaratory Act

asserted Parliament's right to tax and make any other laws governing the colonies.

Harriet Tubman

former slave, nicknamed Moses, who led hundreds of others to freedom on the Underground Railroad.

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