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19 terms

US History Final Exam

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Tallmadege Amendment
attached to the Missouri statehood bill, this amendment would have gradually abolished slavery in that new state despite its application as a slave state. This set off an intense debate in the Congress.
constitutionalism
a government that is limited in its powers.
Founding Fathers
Common term for the 55 men who drafted the Constitution.
Proclamation of 1763
temporarily prohibited colonists from settling in the land acquired from France after the French and Indian War.
Quartering Act
required colonists to provide food and housing for British troops after the French and Indian War.
Samuel Gompers
creator of the American Federation of Labor, a pioneering labor union.
15th Amendment
The Amendment guaranteeing blacks the right to vote.
Quebec Act
transferred control of the Ohio Valley to the French settlers in Canada and protected their religion and culture under British rule.
legislative branch
the part of the government responsible for making laws.
Alexander Graham Bell
Scottish immigrant who accidentally developed the telephone.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
her novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, probably persuaded more Americans to oppose slavery than any other abolitionist literature.
"Mother" Jones
radical female socialist who created the Knights of Labor
benign neglect
Britain's informal policy (from 1607-1763) of ruling the colonies loosely, often failing to enforce its laws strictly.
Stamp Act
first direct tax on the colonies, on any paper product or legal document.
gradual emancipation
a method of abolishing slavery slowly so that the transition from a slave to a wage labor system is less disruptive.
Cornelius Vanderbilt
this poorly educated, rough, rude, ruthless man made a fortune in steamboat shipping, then went into the early railroad industry.
laissez-faire
French term meaning "let it be" that is commonly used to describe an economic system free from government regulation or control.
Declaratory Act
asserted Parliament's right to tax and make any other laws governing the colonies.
Harriet Tubman
former slave, nicknamed Moses, who led hundreds of others to freedom on the Underground Railroad.