AP HUman Geography Language vocab
Chapter 6 about language in the AP Human Geography book.
Terms in this set (...)
Set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols used for communication.
Ralph Linton - Total knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared by society members.
A language variant used for the norm of media, school, government, and public life by the country's political and intelligent elite.
Variant of a language (Pronounciation, grammer, and vocabulary).
Geogrpahic boundary where linguist reatures occur.
Two people understand each other when speaking.
Set of contigious dielcts where the one near each other at any place in the chain arw most closely related.
Grouos of languages with shard, but slightly distant origin.
Divisions within a family; commolities more definite.
Slight word change in language within the subfamilies and language family from present time, backward to its origin.
Tracking Sound shifts and hardening of consonants "backwards" to the original language.
language without any native speakers.
Recreate language that preceded it.
Proto Indo-European ancient ancenstor
1 language formed into 2.
2 languages collapsing into 1.
-That said Proto Indo-European came from the Fertile Cresent. Anatolia into Europe, West Arc to North Africa and Arab, and East Arc into Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
THEORY said that early Pro-Indo-Eurpean speakers spread West by horseback, overpowering, beginning diffusion snd differentiation of the Indo-European tongues.
THEORY said Indo-Eupopean first moved East to SouthWest asia -> Caspian Sea -> Russian-Ukraine Plains -> Balkans. Another part said it moved west.
French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, and Portugese
English, German, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish
Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian, and Bulgarian.
Ancient language in the Mediterranean ports usually for trading and commerce
Where 2 or more languages come. Part of each of them combine into a simplified structure and vocabulary.
Began as a Pidgin language, but later adopted as mother tongue by the people of the mother tongue land.
Countries with one language spoken.
Countries with more than one language spoken.
Multilingual countries have language chosen by an educated, powerful elite, usually the language is spoken in Courts and in the government.
Language most commonly used around the world. Basis of many speakers or trade prevelance.
Uniqueness of a location.
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