Terms in this set (97)
The part naming the person or thing that the sentence speaks about. (the performer of the action / doing the action)
Subject I =
Object Me =
Is the receiver of the action
Me, you, him, it, her, us, them, & whom
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, & who
is a word or 2 needed to complete the meaning of some verbs.
A requests or commands.
An expression or emotion!
Quality or Idea
Linking / helping Verb
tells that the subject is, was, or will be something
usually appears directly before the noun it modifies.
Can appear also after a linking verb. Ex That song is lively
Dances how? Gracefully
Danced when? Yesterday
Dances where? Everywhere
Dances to what extent tor degree? Excessively
Gracefully to what degree? Quite gracefully or very fast
A Subordinate Conjunction
begins the dependent clause.
Ex. The plane flew over the clouds
A word beginning with the ______________ and ending with the noun is called? (flew over the clouds)
Ex. They went home. or Jane got pregnant.
Home and Pregnant
names a QUALITY or IDEA
Names the person being spoken to.
Ex. Todd, the manager wants to see you. or Get over here, you!
3 types of Verbals (Verbs)
Infinitive, Participle, and Gerund
To = Verb Ex. She came to study..
Verb + ing = Adjective
Verb + ing = Noun
3 Principal Parts of the Verb
Present, Past, & Past Participle tense (see, saw, seen)
Ex. Transitive / linking verb
Mr. Smith removed the tumor.
Ex. Intransitive Verb
The Wrestler fainted.
Ex. Action Verb
Mr. Smith grew cabbages
Ex. Helping verb
The plane will be landing soon
Even if a sentence contains only 1 word, that word must be a ____________ ?
Verb. Ex. Run! Wait! The subject is understood to be you.
A _________________ ________________ begins the dependent clause.
who, whom, whose, which, that
Those & These
refers to no particular person or thing: All, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, everybody..... etc
adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun that has already been named (ends in -self or -selves): myself, hyourself, yourselves, himself, itself........
Functions as an adjective, modifying a preceding noun or pronoun connected to an independent clause by the relative pronoun.
It tells how, when, where, why, with what result, under what condition, or to what degree. Usually started with a subordinate clause.
I almost won $1,000 in the lottery
I won almost $,000 in the lottery
I won almost $1,000 in the lottery
A formal Sentence
Students without calculators are barred from mathematics examinations
An Informal Sentence
You wont't get into your Math exams without a calculator.
Restrictive vs nonrestrictive
Word or words that interrupt the main flow to the thought, with a use of commas, in a sentence: Commas are only used for nonrestricted clauses
Dear Sabina, (comma)
Dear Mr. Siem: (Colon)
Plural Nouns ending in S:
Goes after the S' Ex. The 2 girls' coats.
Words Expressing time or amount get treated like other nouns
A dollar's worth or a moment's rest or A's & B's
A colon is used when
for a quotation or question.
Ex The President declared: "........"
Ex. The basic question is: where ......headed?
Use a Dash (-) when?
*to show a sudden break in thought
*to emphasize an Appositive
* to precede the Authors name after a direct quotation - F. Scott Fitzgerald
When the sound is like EE (See)
Put I before E- Except after C.
When do you drop the E before a suffix?
Words ending with a vowel.
keep the E when the suffix does not begin with a?
Change a final Y to I before any suffix except?
Ing Ex. crying or burying
Double a final consonant before a
Suffix beginning with a vowel.
Ex. dropping or batter
Add -es if you hear and added syllable
When you say a plural: Bush/es Fox/es Church/es
Non-count and plural count nouns that are used to make a _____?_________ do NOT need articles
Names an object that cannot be counted with the words one, two, three. one that usually cannot be expressed in a plural form. Ex. luggage, ice creams, or beauty
If the intended meaning is known to the reader, use the definite article?
If the meaning will be new, use an indefinite article?
A, An, or Some (for singular use only)
anybody, somebody, someone, nobody
Jim's friend or a friend of Jim's
both are correct
the indefinite pronoun everyones is singular possessive or plural possessive
A spy gathers secrets.
The spy's assignment was dangerous.
The spies were arrested
The spies' activities were made public
The council of (Mayors or Mayor's) discussed their (city's or cities') problem.
Mayors (not possessive) and Cities' (possessive)
The "of" Tip
Ex. Todays high temperature was 94 F.
The possibility of an apostrophe with words modifying time/ measure and singular and plural.
The "Surprised Me" tip
Ex. we were disappointed by the bands playing so poorly
Gerunds with the use apostrophes
The band's playing so poorly (surprised me).
What are the 3 reasons for an apostrophe
Contraction, possession, and special words (time and measure)
Quotations vs paraphrases
Use "That" to determine whether a quotation is a direct or an indirect quotation.
"First word is capitalized." and Paraphrases do not need ""
Yes or No Place periods and commas inside quotation marks
Capitalize: Culture, language, nationality, religion, or ethnic background???
Capitalize a general reference?
Capitalize Officials, names, titles, or nicknames?
Two things to look for when checking for Faulty Parallelism
Infinitive or a gerund after (and) or an (or)
I like to bike, swim, and to go on camping trips.
Faulty Parallelism. (two ways to fix) nu
You know that it's a gerund because you can replace it with a
When do you use the A article
if the sentence is a generalization, consonat, and first time
When do you use "The" article
Specific, second time
"any" should only be used when?
in any negative or questions
Collective nouns like family or team are considered singular or plural
nouns made of two or more words; redhead, softball, keyboard
Participles are classified as either
Present participles (ing) or past participles (ed)
EX. Running through the field, the excited boy chased the birds.
Running through the field / excited
This, That, these, and those (they replace the subject in the sentence)
This, that, these, and those modify nouns or pronouns.
EX. This poem or these poems or that player
If you can substitute ___ or ____ for the verb, then it is a ______ verb.
IS or WAS, LINKING
A direct object is a noun or pronoun that recieves the action of the verb
Demonstrative Pronouns / adjectives
This, those, These, that
pure entertainment; helps us escape world
Interpretive fiction typically refers to a parable or fable---a short story that conveys a moral lesson by using fictitious narrative to illustrate one or more practical truths, moral principles or codes of ethics