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Time & Spacial Concepts

preoperational stage: age


concrete operations: age


formal operations: age


6yo time

counted by hours, enjoys past & present, likes to hear about babyhood, future important related to holidays

6yo space

interested in specific places, relationships b/w home, neighborhood, & expanding community, knows some streets & major points of interest

7yo time

interested in the present, enjoys a watch, sense of time is practical, sequential, knows sequence of months, seasons, years, plans days, understands passage of time

7yo space

wants increased personal space, very interested in the heavens & various objects in space & on earth

8yo time

very aware of punctuality, especially in relation to others, more responsible about time

8yo space

expanding personal space, goes more places alone, knows the neighborhood, likes maps, geography, & trips

9yo time

tells time w/o difficulty, plans day w/ excess activities, driven by time, wants to know how long a task will take to complete, interested in ancient times

9yo space

includes the whole earth, enjoys pen pals from different lands, geography, & history

10yo time

less driven by time than 9yo, interested mostly in the present, able to get to places on own initiative

10yo space

is specific, the place where things are like buildings

11yo time

time is relentlessly passing by or dragging, more adept at handling time, defines time as distance from one event to another

11yo space

perceives space as nothingness that goes on forever, a distance b/w things

12yo time

defines time as duration, a measurement, plans ahead to feel in control, interested in future as well as present

12yo space

is abstract & has difficulty defining it, space is nothing, air, travels alone to more distant areas, understands how specific points relate to each other

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