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56 terms

eye anatomy

diseases and anatomy of the eye
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bones that comprise the orbit
frontal, zygomatic, sphenoid,maxillary, ethmoidal, lacrimal, platine
proctosis
bulging of the eye
cranial nerve V
sensation
medial rectus muscle
rotates eye inward
lateral rectus muscle
rotates eye outward
inferior oblique muscle
twists eye up and outward
superior oblique muscle
twists eye down and inward
superior rectus muscle
turns eye upward
inferior rectus muscle
turns eye downward
plapebral fissure
opening between the upper and lower eyelid
cranial nerve 7
facial nerve
lacrimal gland
produces tears
meibomian glands
secretes oil for the tear film to lubricate the outter surfaceof the eyeball
obicularis oculi
muscle that closes the eye
levator palpebrae
raises upper lid
how many rectus muscles
4
glands involved with blepharitis
meibomian
common cause of tearing in newborn infants
nasolacrimal duct obstruction
layers of tear film
3
cornea
respnsible for most amount of focusing
volume of the eye
30 cc
contributes to the most diopteric power
cornea
trabecular meshwork
contributes to aqueous outflow
gonioscopy
examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma
annulus of zinn
opening that transmits cranial nerves III, V, VI, but not IV
cranial nerve V
supplies sensation to the face (around the eye)
exophthalmometer
measures proptosis by greater than 2mm difference between two eyes
cellulitis
deep skin infection from sinus infection
orbital cellulitis
can spread into the brain
capillary hemangiomas
occurs at age 6 months to a year
cavernous hemangioma
abnormal growth of vessels
orbital floor fracture
can't look up, lack of use of inferior rectus
basal cell carcinoma
most common eyelid malignancy
ectopian
outward turn of eyelid
entropion
inward turn of eyelid
dermatochalasis
redundant eyelid skin
amblyopia
unilateral or bilateral reduction of best corrected visual acuity not attributed to a structural abnormality
wilsons disease
excess copper deposition
pediatric glaucoma
photophobia, epiphora, blepharospasm
lens dislocation
marfan's syndrome
ROP
happens with a small birth weight
central scotoma
damage to macula
arcuate scotoma
glaucoma
bitemporal hemianopia
temporal side of both
papilledema
increased intracranial pressure
optic neuritis
pain with eye movement
obliques
behind
palpebral fissure
opening between your upper and lower eyelid
levator muscle
lifts eyelid
orbicularis oculi
functions as a sphincter, vonluntary
meibomian glands
sebaceous glands
lacrimal gland
produces tears, drainage system for tears
conjunctiva
composed of fornical, palpebral, bulbar
choroid
supplies the retina a lot
pseudomonas aeruginosa
most common bacteria in eye drop solutions
carotid artery disease
stroke risks, ocular ischemic syndrome