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diseases and anatomy of the eye

bones that comprise the orbit

frontal, zygomatic, sphenoid,maxillary, ethmoidal, lacrimal, platine


bulging of the eye

cranial nerve V


medial rectus muscle

rotates eye inward

lateral rectus muscle

rotates eye outward

inferior oblique muscle

twists eye up and outward

superior oblique muscle

twists eye down and inward

superior rectus muscle

turns eye upward

inferior rectus muscle

turns eye downward

plapebral fissure

opening between the upper and lower eyelid

cranial nerve 7

facial nerve

lacrimal gland

produces tears

meibomian glands

secretes oil for the tear film to lubricate the outter surfaceof the eyeball

obicularis oculi

muscle that closes the eye

levator palpebrae

raises upper lid

how many rectus muscles


glands involved with blepharitis


common cause of tearing in newborn infants

nasolacrimal duct obstruction

layers of tear film



respnsible for most amount of focusing

volume of the eye

30 cc

contributes to the most diopteric power


trabecular meshwork

contributes to aqueous outflow


examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma

annulus of zinn

opening that transmits cranial nerves III, V, VI, but not IV

cranial nerve V

supplies sensation to the face (around the eye)


measures proptosis by greater than 2mm difference between two eyes


deep skin infection from sinus infection

orbital cellulitis

can spread into the brain

capillary hemangiomas

occurs at age 6 months to a year

cavernous hemangioma

abnormal growth of vessels

orbital floor fracture

can't look up, lack of use of inferior rectus

basal cell carcinoma

most common eyelid malignancy


outward turn of eyelid


inward turn of eyelid


redundant eyelid skin


unilateral or bilateral reduction of best corrected visual acuity not attributed to a structural abnormality

wilsons disease

excess copper deposition

pediatric glaucoma

photophobia, epiphora, blepharospasm

lens dislocation

marfan's syndrome


happens with a small birth weight

central scotoma

damage to macula

arcuate scotoma


bitemporal hemianopia

temporal side of both


increased intracranial pressure

optic neuritis

pain with eye movement



palpebral fissure

opening between your upper and lower eyelid

levator muscle

lifts eyelid

orbicularis oculi

functions as a sphincter, vonluntary

meibomian glands

sebaceous glands

lacrimal gland

produces tears, drainage system for tears


composed of fornical, palpebral, bulbar


supplies the retina a lot

pseudomonas aeruginosa

most common bacteria in eye drop solutions

carotid artery disease

stroke risks, ocular ischemic syndrome

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