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Transmission Based Precautions
Terms in this set (28)
A protective procedure that limits the spread of infectious diseases amount hospitalized patients, hospital personnel, and visitors has been used
Used for patients who have infections that spread through the air such as tuberculosis, varicella, rubeola, and possibly SARS
Use these for patients with an infection that is spread by large-particles droplets such as rubella, mumps, diphtheria, and the adenovirus infection in infants and young children.
Use these for patients who are infected or colonized by a multi drug- resistant organism (MDRO)
Those who are recovering from transplantation surgery or receiving chemotherapy. Those who are immunosuppressed become infected by organisms harbors in their own bodies.
Excretions and secretions, personal contacts, equipment and supplies.
3 common vehicles that transport pathogens.
Hand hygiene, barrier techniques, personal protective equipment.
Three transmission barriers that are used to interrupt the infectious process.
Gloves, gowns, masks, eyewear
What are the four PPE's?
Main purpose of HEPA filter mask or Type N95 respirator mask
Must be worn when entering the room of a patient with known or suspected tuberculosis, SARS, or influenza, to prevent the transmission of these diseases.
When is double bagging of trash and linen used?
Only when the outside of the bag is visible soiled.
How are all laboratory specimens transported
Place in plastic bags and seal the bags to prevent leakage during transportation.
Used in care of all hospitals patients regardless of their diagnosis or possible infection status. All body fluids except sweat.
Transmission based precautions.
Used in addition to standard precautions suspected infections with pathogens that can be transported by airborne, droplet, or contact routes.
Tuberculosis and varicella (chicken pox)
Rubella and mumps, pertussis, streptococcal pharyngitis
Multi-resistant organisms (MDRO), MRSA, C-Diff
PPE used is: Wear mask or respirator, respiratory protection should be worn unless immune to the disease.
PPE used is: Wear gloves and PPE, and wear mask when leaving the room.
PPE used is: Wear PPE, for all interactions. Change gloves after having contact with infective material. Remove PPE when leaving the patient.
Airborne and droplet
Transport patient out of room only when necessary and place a surgical mask on patient if possible.
Transporting: limit movement of the patient out of the room.
Body surface to body surface contact from susceptible host to infected person- shaking hands
Contact of susceptible host with contaminated objects - instruments, needles, dressing, etc.
Smaller than ______ microns of evaporated droplets that remain suspended in air for long periods of time
Negative air pressure rooms
Where microns and dust particles dispersed widely by air current and can be inhaled.
Private rooms include these for preparation
Remove gloves, unfasten gown and roll with inside of gown on the outside, wash hands, remove mask touching only the ties, remove goggles, wash hands.
Correct way of removing PPE in isolation
Condition resulting for decreased sensory input or input that is monotonous, unpatterned, meaningless.
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