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Relief in bay of Arch of Titus, showing procession of spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem, Marble. Roman
Wall painting from the Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, near Pompeii, Fresco on lime plaster. Roman
Jamb statues, south transept portal of cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres. Left-most figure, St. Theodore. Gothic
The passageway or corridor of achurch that runs parallel to the length of the building. Often flanks the nave, sometimes set off from it by rows of piers or columns.
A semicircular or polygonal niche terminating one or both ends of the nave in a Roman basilica. In a Christian church, it is usually palced at the east end of the nave beyond the transept or choir.
Series of arches supported by piers or columns. When attached to a wall they form a blind term.
A vault formed by a continuous semicircular arch so that it is shaped like a half-cylinder.
Subdivision of the interior space of a building. Usually a series of terms is formed by consecutive architectural supports.
An arcade with no openings. The arches and supports are attached decoratively to the surface of a wall.
A sculpted female figure used in place of a column as an architectural support (male version: atlas).
The principal enclosed room of a temple used to hosue an image. Also called the naos. The entire body of a temple as distinct from its external parts.
A row of windows in the upper part of a wall that rises above an adjoining roof. Its purpose is to provide direct lighting, as in a basilica or a church.
A place of religious seclusion such as a monastery or nunnery. An open court attached to a church or monastery and surrounded by an ambulatory. Used for study, meditation, and exercise.
Italian word for "set against". A composition developed by the Greeks to reprsent moveemnt in a figure. THe parts of the body are placed asymmetrically in opposition to each other around a central axis, and careful attention is paid to the distribution of weight.
A vault formed by progressively projecting courses of stone or brick, which eventually meet to form the highest point of the vault.
A column capital ornamented with acanthus leaves, introduced in Greece in the late 5th century BCE and used by Roman architects throughout the empire. Third order.
The area in a church where the transept crosses the nave, frequently emphasized by a dome or crossing tower.
A column characterized by a simple cushionlike abacus and the absecne of a base. First order.
In a classical order, the entire structure above the columns' this usually includes architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Technique of painting on plaster with pigments ground in water so that the paint is absorbed by the plaster and becomes part of the wall itself.
A continuous band of painted or sculptured decoration. In a Classical building, the part of the netablature between the architrave and the cornice.
A vault formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles to each other.
The veritcal sides of an opening. In Romanesque and Gothic churches, the term of doors and windows are often cut on a slant outward, or "splayed", thus providing a broader surface for sculptural decoration.
From the Greek "big" and "stone". A huge stone such as those used in cromlechs and dolmens.
The element of a Doric frieze between two onsecutive triglyphs, sometimes left plain but often decorated with paint or relief sculpture.
The transverse entrance hall of a church, sometimes enclosed but often open on one side to a preceding atrium.
A vault is a stone or brick roof. Term result from the intersection of two barrel vaults; the place where the arched surfaces meet is called the groin. Adding ribs or thickening of the groins increases the strength of the roof.
Ribbed groin vaults
A style of vault in which projecting surface arches, known as ribs, are raised along the intersections of segemnets of the vault. Term may provide architeectural support as well as decoration ot he vault's surface.
A platform or masonry floor above the stereobate forming the foundation for the columns of a Greek temple.
The section of a nave wall above the arcade and below the clerestory. It frequently consists of a blind arcade with three openings in each bay.
Annonymous (Probably Giotto). St. Francis Preaching to the Birds, from Basilica of San Francesco, Assisi, Fresco. Italian Renaissance
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