Chinese Horse, Lascaux Cave, Dorgone, France.
Rhinoceros, Wounded Man, and Bison, Lascaux, Cave, Dordogne, France.
Woman of Willendorf, Limestone.
Stele inscribed with the Law Code of Hammurabi.
Menkaure and His Wife, Queen Khamerenebty II, Slate, Eqyptian
Figure, from the Cyclades, Marble. Aegean
Harpist, Marble, Amorgos, Cyclades. Aegean
The Lioness Gate, Mycenae, Greece
Kore (Maiden), Limestone. Greek
New York Kouros (Youth), Marble. Greek
Kroisos (Kouros from Anavysos), Marble. Greek
Kritios Boy, Marble. Greek
Zeus, Bronze. Greek
Diskobolos (Discus Thrower), Roman copy after bronze original, Marble. Greek
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer), Roman copy after an original by Polykleitos. Greek
Riace Warrior A, found in the sea off Riace, Italy, Bronze. Greek
Riace Warrior B, found in the sea off Riace, Italy, Bronze. Greek
Acropolis (view from the west), Athens. Greek
Parthenon, Iktinos and Kallikrates, Athens. Greek
Model of Athena Parthenons by Pheidias. Greek
Three goddesses, from east pediment of the Parthenon, Marble. Greek
Freize above western entrance of the cella of the parthenon, Acropolis. Greek
Nike adjusting her sandal, from balustrade of Temple of Athena Nike, Marble. Greek
Grave Stele of Hegeso, Marble. Greek
Mnesikles, the Propylaia, Acropolis, Athens. Greek
Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens. Greek
The Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens. Greek
Hermes, Roman copy after an original by Praxiteles, Marble. Greek
Nike of Samothrace, Pythokritos of Rhodes (?), Marble. Greek
L'Arringatore (the Orator), Bronze. Etruscan
Laocoon, Marble. Roman
Temple of Portunus, Rome. Roman
"Brutus", Bronze. Roman
Veristic male portrait, Marble. Roman
Colosseum, Rome. Roman
Interior of the Pantheon, Rome. Roman
Pantheon, Rome. Roman
Augustus of Primaporta, possibly a Roman copy of a statue of Marble. Roman
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Bronze. Roman
Ara Pacis Augustae, Marble. Roman
Imperial Procession south frieze, Ara Pacis Augustae, Marble. Roman
Arch of Titus, Marble. Roman
Relief in bay of Arch of Titus, showing procession of spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem, Marble. Roman
Relief in bay of Arch of Titus, showing Titus riding in triumph, Marble. Roman
Column of Trajan, Rome, Marble. Roman
Lower portion of Column of Trajan, Marble. Roman
Aqueduct, Segovia. Roman
Scenes of Dionysiac Mystery CUlt, form the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii. Roman Art
Wall painting from the Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, near Pompeii, Fresco on lime plaster. Roman
Wall painting of garden, from the Villa of Livia at Primaporta. Roman
Basilica of Maxentius, renamed Basilica of Constantine, Rome
Portrait of Constantine the Great, Marble. Roman
Ambulatory of abbey church of Saint-Denis
West facade of abbey church of Saint-Denis. Gothic
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres (from the south). Gothic
Jamb statues, west portal of cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres. Gothic
Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere, cathedral of Notre-Dame Chartres, Stained-glass window. Gothic
Jamb statues, south transept portal of cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres. Left-most figure, St. Theodore. Gothic
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims. Gothic
Annunciation and Visitation, west portal of cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims. Gothic
Interior of upper chapel, Sainte-Chapelle, Paris. Gothic
Sainte-Chapelle, Paris. Gothic
Chartres Cathedral Royal Portal, France. Gothic
Market of Trajan, Apollodorus of Damscus, Rome. High Empire
Forum of Trajan, Apollodorus of Damascus, Rome. High Empire
Helios and his horses, Pediment at the Parthenon, Classical. Greek
Charioteer, Classical, Bronze. Greek
Mantiklos Apollo, Archaeic, Greece.
Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England, Mesolithic, Stone. Post and lintel (8ft opening max)
Hall of Bulls, Paleolithic, cave painting from Lascaux, France, cave wall.
Pech-Merie spotted horse and negative hands, paleolithic, cave painting in France, cave wall.
Persian invasion of, and defeat at, Greece.
Pyramids. Over 1800", off 1"
The passageway or corridor of achurch that runs parallel to the length of the building. Often flanks the nave, sometimes set off from it by rows of piers or columns.
A covered walkway. In a basilican church, semicircular passage around the apse.
A semicircular or polygonal niche terminating one or both ends of the nave in a Roman basilica. In a Christian church, it is usually palced at the east end of the nave beyond the transept or choir.
Series of arches supported by piers or columns. When attached to a wall they form a blind term.
A vault formed by a continuous semicircular arch so that it is shaped like a half-cylinder.
Subdivision of the interior space of a building. Usually a series of terms is formed by consecutive architectural supports.
An arcade with no openings. The arches and supports are attached decoratively to the surface of a wall.
A sculpted female figure used in place of a column as an architectural support (male version: atlas).
The principal enclosed room of a temple used to hosue an image. Also called the naos. The entire body of a temple as distinct from its external parts.
A row of windows in the upper part of a wall that rises above an adjoining roof. Its purpose is to provide direct lighting, as in a basilica or a church.
A place of religious seclusion such as a monastery or nunnery. An open court attached to a church or monastery and surrounded by an ambulatory. Used for study, meditation, and exercise.
A recessed, geometrically shaped panel in a ceiling.
Italian word for "set against". A composition developed by the Greeks to reprsent moveemnt in a figure. THe parts of the body are placed asymmetrically in opposition to each other around a central axis, and careful attention is paid to the distribution of weight.
A vault formed by progressively projecting courses of stone or brick, which eventually meet to form the highest point of the vault.
A column capital ornamented with acanthus leaves, introduced in Greece in the late 5th century BCE and used by Roman architects throughout the empire. Third order.
The area in a church where the transept crosses the nave, frequently emphasized by a dome or crossing tower.
A column characterized by a simple cushionlike abacus and the absecne of a base. First order.
In a classical order, the entire structure above the columns' this usually includes architrave, frieze, and cornice.
A swelling of the shaft of a column.
Technique of painting on plaster with pigments ground in water so that the paint is absorbed by the plaster and becomes part of the wall itself.
A continuous band of painted or sculptured decoration. In a Classical building, the part of the netablature between the architrave and the cornice.
A vault formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles to each other.
A column characterized by a base and a capital with two volutes.
The veritcal sides of an opening. In Romanesque and Gothic churches, the term of doors and windows are often cut on a slant outward, or "splayed", thus providing a broader surface for sculptural decoration.
Greek word for "maiden". An Arcahic Greek state of a standing, draped female.
From the Greek "big" and "stone". A huge stone such as those used in cromlechs and dolmens.
The element of a Doric frieze between two onsecutive triglyphs, sometimes left plain but often decorated with paint or relief sculpture.
The transverse entrance hall of a church, sometimes enclosed but often open on one side to a preceding atrium.
The central isle of a Roman basilica, as distinguished from the side aisles.
A circular opening at the top of a dome used to admit light.
A vault is a stone or brick roof. Term result from the intersection of two barrel vaults; the place where the arched surfaces meet is called the groin. Adding ribs or thickening of the groins increases the strength of the roof.
Ribbed groin vaults
A style of vault in which projecting surface arches, known as ribs, are raised along the intersections of segemnets of the vault. Term may provide architeectural support as well as decoration ot he vault's surface.
The substructure of a Classical building, especially a Greek temple.
A platform or masonry floor above the stereobate forming the foundation for the columns of a Greek temple.
The section of a nave wall above the arcade and below the clerestory. It frequently consists of a blind arcade with three openings in each bay.
Interior of Upper Church, Basilica of San Francesco, Assisi. Italian Renaissance
Annonymous (Probably Giotto). St. Francis Preaching to the Birds, from Basilica of San Francesco, Assisi, Fresco. Italian Renaissance
Giotto, Christ Entering Jerusalem, Arena Chapel, Padua, Fresco. Italian Renaissance
Interior of Arena Chapel, Padua. Italian Renaissance
Giotto, The Lamentation, Arena Chapel, Padua, Fresco. Italian Renaissance
Robert Campin, Merode (Altarpiece) Triptych, Oil on oak. Flemish. Northern Renaissance.
Jan van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban (Self-Portrait), oil on panel. Northern Renaissance.
Jan van Eyck, The "Arnolfini Portrait", oil on panel, Flemish. Northern Renaissance
Garden of Earthly Delight, Hieronymus Bosch, Oil on panel. Northern Renaissance.
Garden of Earthly Delight, Hieronymus Bosch. Closed triptych
St. George, Donatello, Marble, Early Italian Renaissance.
Theater, Epidauros. Hellenistic Greek
Pharos of Alexandria. Hellenistic Greek