Art History Unit 4
Terms in this set (34)
From whom did the Romans copy much of their art and why? How did the Romans' sculptures differ?
Much of Roman art was copied from the Greeks. they imported Greek works by the shipload and even bought Greek artists to Rome to work for them.
What purpose did Romans want their portraits, sculptures, and paintings to serve?
The Romans wanted their sculptures to remind viewers of specific individuals.
What did wealthy Romans use to decorate the walls of their homes? What was the subject of these decorations?
Romans painted landscapes and pictures of buildings that suggested a world that lay beyond the walls of the room, which they're called MURALS.
How did the Romans use columns differently from Greeks in temple construction?
The Greeks used columns as structural supports, the Romans added columns to their buildings as decoration and not necessarily for structural purposes.
What was an aqueduct? What was the main purpose of their design?
A system that carried water from mountain streams into cities by using gravitational flow.
Describe a Roman bath? Why were these structures so popular and what modern structures do they resemble?
Baths were vast enclosed structures that contained libraries, lectures rooms, gymnasiums, shops, restaurants, and pleasant walkways. These made baths a social and cultural center as well as a place for hygiene.
What was the Colosseum, and what kinds of events were held there?
It is were they have chariot races were the armed contests. It was also a large arena/ Amphitheaters such as the Colosseum.
What are coffers? What two purposes do the coffers in the dome of the pantheon serve?
they're indented panels. The serve as a decorative touch; they are also reduce the weight of the dome.
Describe the structure and purpose of a Roman Basilica.
A Roman Basilica was designed as a court of law and public meeting hall, it was often a part of forum, or public spaces. They served as models for generations of christian church builders.
What were triumphal arches and how were they used?
Triumphal arches often consisted of a large central opening and two smaller opening on each side. The general and his officers rode chariots and horses through the central opening, and unmounted troops marched through the smaller ones.
What three modern nations trace their cultural origins to the early Indian Civilizations?
India, China, and Japan
Name three technologies, buildings, or crafts materials used by the Harappans of the Indus Valley Civilization.
An efficient drainage system and a written language based on pictograms, or picture symbols. They used bronze and copper technology and erected multistoried buildings made of fired bricks along streets as wide as 40 feet.
What are buddhist monasteries called? How is the exterior of the Lomas Rishi Cave decorated?
Viharas, the exterior of this cave is carved to look like the wooden constructions of that time.
What is a buddhist stupa? Why are they important in the buddhist religion?
A small round shrine erected over a grave site to hold relics of the buddha. This walkway symbolized the path of life circled the world.
What is the primary purpose of Hindu temples?
To serve as a residence for the God Vishnu
How did the Chinese artists use meditation?
Chinese artists found meditation enabled them to recoqnize of beauty of a leaf, a tree, a rock, or a mountain.
What was considered the primary interest of Chinese paintings by the ninth century? What activity did Chinese artists value?
Chinese artists were beginning to exhibit a greater appreciation for nature. They valued every opportunity to do this, taking long, leisurely walks across the countryside.
What is a scroll painting and how is it used?
A long roll of illustrated parchment or silk. Scrolls were designed to be rolled up and carefully stored away. When their owners were in the mood for quiet reflection, the scrolls were taken from the shelf, just as we might take down a book to read.
Name the element of art that was a chief measure of excellence in Chinese painting and how it was successfully used.
A Night Shining Night use of line is delicate and is combined with subtle value gradations to give the animal a realistic appearance. The work demonstrates convincingly that the artist, Han Gan, knew his subject well and could apply this knowledge effectively to his art.
What is porcelain? During which period was its production carried to new heights?
A fine-grained , high-quality form of china. During the Sung Period
During which period did the Chinese artists attempt to restore the glories of the past?
The colapse of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368, Signified the end of foreign rule and the beginning of another Chinese dynasty
Explain how the Buddhist religion reached Japan.
In A.D. 552, the ruler of a kingdom is korea sent a gilt bronze figure of the Buddha to the emperor of Japan. Along with the scultpture came Buddhist writings and missionaries.
What are Japanese temples called and what do they look like? From what material was it made and why?
Pagoda- A tower several stories high with roofs slightly curved upward at the edges. Their temples and palaces were built on a stone base, with wooden posts and rafters carefully fitted together in beautifully crafted joints. These buildings had to be especially well designed and constructed to survive the frequent earthquakes and violent storms that plaqued the island nation.
What period of japanese art was considered the golden age and why?
In A.D. 784, the modern city of Kyoto. The Heian period is regarded as a golden age for Japanese art.
What was Yamato-e?
Painting in the Japanese manner, also Yamato is an island near Kyoto and Nara, considered the center of Japanese culture.
What was the appeal of Zen Buddhism? How did its popularity affect the way viewers saw art?
Zen's appeal may have been due to the fact that it offered people an escape from the chaos that marked daily life. The paintings were intended to draw viewers gently into an imaginary world of beauty and peace in which they could forget the real world of unrest and fear.
What led to the development of the Ukiyo-e style of art? What does the term "Ukiyo-e" mean?
Peace brought about a phosphorus middle class Ukiyo-e style, which means pictures of the passing world.
What prompted the development of woodblock printing in japan? When and from where did this technique arrive in Japan?
Since painting produced only one picture at a time artists searched for other ways to satisfy the increased demand for art. Which had been introduced from China in the eighth century.
Who was the great, yet humble, painter in Japanese art? What example of his work in shown in the book?
Katsushika Hokusai, The Great wave at Kanagawa.
a huge amphitheater in Rome
A small, round burial shrine erected over a grave site to hold relics of the Buddha
A Buddhist monastery
A Japanese temple constructed of wood that is several stories high
A large, functional Roman building designed to hold large public meetings.