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Gram Positive and Negative bacteria

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Treponema
Gram Negative, spirochete, Treponema pallidum- Syphilis
Borrelia
Gram Negative, spirochete, Lyme disease, anthropod ( biologica vector) borne
Leptosprira
Gram Negative, sprirochete, leptospirosis
Pseudomonas
Gram Negative, rods, aerobes, pyocyanin: burn patients, nosocomial infections, lung infections in cystic fibrosis pts
Legionellla
Gram Negative, rods, aerobes, pneumonia, intracellular pathogens
Neisseria
Gram Negative, aerobes, diplococcus, Nessieria gonorrheae, Nessieria meningitides
Clostridium perfringens
Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, food poisoning, gas gangrene
Acetobacter
Gram negative, acetic acid from ethanol
Actinomyces
Gram positive, filamentous, Respiratory diseases, cavities
Azospirillum
Gram negative, rod, nitrogen fixation (convert N2 to NH4+)
Bacillus
Gram positive, rod, endospore former, anthracis: anthrax, food poisoning
Bordetella
Gram negative, coccobacillus, pertussis (whooping cough)
Burkholderia
Gram negative, rod, Burkholderia cepacia: infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Campylobacter
Gram negative, curved rod, GI infections
Chlamydia
Gram negative, pleomorphic rod, Trachoma (blindness), STD
Chlamydophila
Gram negative, rod, obligate intracellular parasite, pneumonia
Clostridium botulinum
Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, botulism
Clostridium difficile
Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, severe diarrhea
Clostridium perfringens
Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, food poisoning, gas gangrene
Clostridium tetani
Gram positive, rod, obligate anaerobe, endospore former, tetatnus
Corynebacterium
Gram positive, rod, contain inclusions called metachromatic granules, diptheria
Enterobacter
Gram negative, rod, UTI
Enterococcus (type of streptococcus)
Gram positive, coccus, VRE
Escherichia
Gram negative, rod, normal GI tract, O157:H7àhemolytic uremic syndrome
Fusobacterium
Gram negative, rod, gingivitis
Gardnerella
Gram positive, rod, Vaginitis
Helicobacter
Gram negative, curved rod, peptic ulcer
Hemophilus
Gram negative, coccobacillus (pleomorphic rod), meningitis, epiglottitis, otitis, URI
Klebsiella
Gram negative, rod, hemorrhagic pneumonia
Lactobacillus
Gram positive, rod, vaginal normal flora, used in making yogurt, buttermilk, and sauerkraut
Listeria
Gram positive, rod, newborn meningitis, can live in refrigerator and cause food poisoning
Mycobacterium
Acid fast, rod, mycolic acids in cell wall. tuberculosis, leprosy
Mycoplasma
No cell wall, pleomorphic, Walking pneumonia, fried egg appearance of colonies
Neisseria
Gram negative, coccus, gonorrhea and meningitis
Nitrobacter
Gram negative, rod, nitrifying (convert NH4 to NO3-)
Nocardia
Gram positive, rod, acid fast, respiratory diseases, used to clean pollutants
Propionibacterium
Gram positive, rod, Acne
Proteus
Gram negative, rod, UTI
Pseudomonas
Gram negative, rod, infection if burn patients, pyocyanin: green pigment
Rickettsia
Gram negative, bacillus, obligate intracellular parasite, Rocky mountain spotted fever
Salmonella
Gram negative, rod, typhoid fever, salmonellosis, food poisoning
Serratia
Gram negative, rod, UTI, respiratory infections, red pigment at room temp.
Shigella
Gram negative, rod, dysentery
Staphlyococcus
Gram positive, coccus, MRSA, VRSA
Streptococcus
Gram positive, coccus
pneumonia: alpha-hemolysis (partial lysis of RBCs)
pyogenes: beta-hemolysis (complete lysis of RBCs)
mutans: cavities
Streptomyces
Gram positive, filamentous, Antibiotics
Vibrio
Gram negative, curved rod, cholera, GI disease
Yersina
Gram negative, rod, plague (black death)