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25 terms

monerans in your life

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what word on the milk carton tells you that the dairy eliminated pathogens when processing the milk?
pasteurization
what process harmful bacteria? describe the process.
heating up food to a temp that kils bacteria
what bacteria changes the outside completely and how does this change help other organisms in the envioroment?
saprophyte, it decomposes and releases nutrience in to the soil for other living things to use
ehat kind of bacteria are helpful to farmers?
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
what are disease causing organisms called?
pathogens
what kind of drug can kill bacteria?
antibiotics
what are the poisens that pathogens produce called?
toxins
what are the thick walled cells of botulism bacteria callled?
endospores
explain how botulism occurs?
canned food poisening, the bacteria is enclosed in endospores which releases heat, once inside they can change reproduction system. they are anarobics
classification
arranging things into groups according to ways they are alike and not
taxonomy
the study of how living things are classified
binomial nomenclature
linnaeus naming system, each organism has two names
genus
the first part of an organisms name,it is a classification group that contains similar, closely related organsims
spieces
a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring in nature
taxonomic key
a series of paired statements that describe physical characteristics off different organisms
whydo scientists classify?
to organize living things into groups so organisms are easier to study
tell me when and how aristoles classified organisms?
4th century BC, he divided animals into three groups: fly, swim, run, walk, craw classified by behavior, apperence, and movement
when and what did lenaus use to classify? give an example.
1750s based on obsevable features. he used binomial nomenclature. a 2 part scientific name for each organisms. except:felis concolor= mountain lion or puma and felis domestius=house cat
how is the scientific name written?
it is italic or underlined. the genus name is capitalized and the spiece name begins with a small leter
why is the binomial nomenclature used?
it always uses the same name for the same organism. it identifies only on spieces or organism
what do viruses and bacteria have in common?
classified by shape, microscopic, and make vaccines
why are viruses not considered living things?
do not have cells, do not grow, do not use food or energy
how are they like organisms?
they produce
how is a virus measued
nanometers
whats bacteriophage?
a virus that infects bacteria