Art History Unit 5
Terms in this set (21)
What did the images from the Inuit art reveal?
The images created by Inuit artist reveal the importance attached to the animals the relied on for food.
Who wore the mask, like the one responding a moon goddess ( Figure 11.4 on page 247 ), in religious ceremonies and for what purpose?
An Inuit Shaman, or leader believed to have healing powers, wore such a mask during ceremonial dances. While dancing, the shaman would go into a trance and act as a messenger between the world of the living and the spirit world.
What are Totem poles?
Totem poles are tall posts carved and painted with a series of animal symbols associated with a particular family or clan.
What was the purpose of a Kiva and what are its main features?
A Kiva served as a spiritual and social gathering place where meetings were held and ceremonies conducted.
How did the arrival of the Spanish and Mexican settlers in the southwest influence the art of the Navajo? Describe the qualities of a Navajo saddle blanket.
The Navajo were using European cloth and dyes to create weavings that matched the quality of work produced on the best looms in Europe. A saddle blanket exhibits many of the qualities associated with the finest Navajo weavings. These qualities included the closeness of the weave; rich, vibrant colors; and bold design.
Explain why the Native American tribes from the Great Plains region did not create such items as pottery or basket-ware, and describe what they did create.
Because their land were generally not suited to farming, people living there became hunters. They were continually on the move, these tribes followed the great herds of bison that once covered this territory.
Who were the Olmec and what were their most well-known artworks?
The Olmec are believed by many to have made the first Mexican sculptures. They left the earliest remains of carved altars, pillars, sarcophagi, and statues in mexico.
Why were Mayan cities constructed with large central plazas? How did the reliefs on the buildings change?
Mayan cities were constructed with the vast central plazas to accommodate the masses of people who gathered to witness these ceremonies. Rich reliefs covered the buildings , monuments, and temples around and within these laces. At first, these cravings were simple and realistic, but later they became more elaborate and complex.
How was art linked to sacrificial rituals in the Aztec culture?
There were even statues of priests and celebrates dressed in the skins of flayed victims who had been sacrificed.
What was Machu Picchu? Where and why was it built? What made the city so durable and what has it withstood?
Machu Picchu was an Inca city built to protect the people from attacks by hostile tribes living in the jungle to the east. The city is dramatically perched on a ridge between two rugged mountain peaks, 8,000 feet above sea level. Machu Picchu were constructed of huge stone blocks cut and locked into place.
How do these cultures use the element of shape in a very similar ways?
In which ways do these cultures use the element of color in similar ways?
The Native American art comprises a major category in the world at collection. Native American contributions include pottery, paintings, jewelry, weaving, sculptures, basketry, and carvings - All of these were formed from similar/ colors
Describe at atleast five ways in which the artworks from the cultures of the Americas differ from or are similar to the artworks of Greece and Rome.
How long ago were the sculptural portraits of the first Yoruba Kings and queens made? What material and technique was used to make them?
Yoruba cities developed between the years A.D. 800 and 1000. Their cast metal sculptures were probably made collaborativety, with women creating the clay forms and men casting them in metal.
What materials were used in the construction of the Mosque in Jenne? Describe the features of this Mosque.
The Jenne mosque amplifies this principle through repetition. The facade and sides of the mosque feature rows of tall, narrow columns that give the structure its impressive appearance. The Mosque is made of hand modeled adobe brick, a sun-dried mixture of clay and straw.
When was Kente cloth first created and who controlled the use of this cloth? How was it assembled?
The Asante King controlled the use of special cloth. During the 1600's weavers created the first Kente cloth. Kente cloth is woven in narrow strips that are then stitched together to form large pieces with complex patterns.
What was the measure of wealth for the Akan people, and who controlled its use?
What tool did the African artists rely on when creating their woodcravings?
The carver relies on the adze, an axlike tool with an arched blade at right angles to the handle.
What does the use of metal in Kota scultpures indicate?
They are made of wood covered with twin sheets and strips of metal.
In what ways does the concept of a "mask" include more than just a face covering in African societies?
In Africa, the concept of "Mask" includes much than just the mask itself. Masks are used in performances and generally part of a full costume. They often have their own songs, dance steps, and sometimes even personal names.
What do leaf and wooden masks of the BWA people represent?
The BWA people consider leaf masks the most ancient mask form and closely associate them with nature and with life's regenerative power. The BWA people produce wooden masks during village purification ceremonies, initiations, funerals, harvest, festivals, and how national holidays.