Prehistory Vocabulary

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Nomadic
Moving from place to place with no permanent home
Hunter-Gatherers
people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits and nuts to survive
Migrate
to move from one place to another
Adapt
changing to fit new conditions or environment
Stone Ages
lasted from around 2 million years ago until around 4,000 years ago; tools were made of stone, bone, skin, and wood; subdivided into three categories: Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic
Archeologist
a scientist that studies artifacts to learn about the past
Famine
An extreme shortage of food
Fertile
Able to produce good crops
Food Surplus
abundance of food, usually from agriculture
Domesticate
to tame wild plants or animals and to breed them for human use
Agriculture
practice of farming crops
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age when people made tools from stones and were hunters and gatherers
Mesolithic
Middle Stone Age: changes due to Ice Age as glaciers where early people migrated and adapted to new environments
Neolithic
New Stone Age: when people domesticated plants and animals and developed agriculture (Revolution)
Lascaux Caves
Caves in France in which there are many Paleolithic paintings, such as depictions of bulls, horses, deer, and other now extinct animals.
Alps
Large mountain system in Europe where a Neolithic frozen mummy was discovered.
Artifacts
Human-made objects, such as tools and jewelry.
Otzi
Natural mummy found in Otzal Alps that was radio carbon dated to 3,300 BC