The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive poetic lines, prose sentences, clauses, or paragraphs. It is used to emphasize an idea. For example, "This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, / This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, / This other Eden, demi-paradise, / This fortress built by Nature for herself"—William Shakespeare The methods used to present the personality of a character in a work of literature. Characterization can be direct or indirect. In direct characterization, the writer tells the reader exactly what kind of person the character is—evil, kind, beautiful, homely, shy, athletic, and so on. In indirect characterization, the writer makes us figure out the character for ourselves. We are allowed to see the character in action, to hear the character speak, and to hear others talk about him or her, but we have to use our own minds to generalize the kind of person we are reading about—good, evil, trustworthy, sneaky, and so on.