APWH 10 Classical Greece

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Polis
A self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. Comprised of a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
Sparta
An ancient Greek city famous for military prowess.
Athens
Greek city-state famous for its intellectual life and democratic government.
democracy
A political system where the government is run by the votes of its citizens. Often refers to a more specific system where all laws are made by majority vote.
Draco
First legislator of Athens, known for codifying the law for the first time. His laws were unusually harsh and severe.
Hellenic
Of or relating to or characteristic of Greece or the Greeks.
Homer
Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC).
Socrates
Greek philosopher and teacher known for his wisdom. Taught by asking his students pointed questions.
Plato
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates. Studied the perfect form of things and recorded many of Socrates teachings.
Aristotle
Greek philosopher and teacher of Alexander the Great. Known as the father of logic.
logic
The process of using reasoning to construct effective arguments.
Delian League
Athenian-led alliance formed to keep Greece safe following the Persian Wars.
Pericles
Presided over Athens's golden age, when they built the Parthenon. Manipulated the Delian League to Athens's benefit.
Peloponnesian War
War between Athens and Sparta. Began because Athens manipulated the Delian League. Sparta won due to a series of alliances.
Macedon
Nation north of Greece, most famous for its successful invasion of Greece, Persia, and many other places under Alexander the Great.
Alexander the Great
Great Macedonian conquerer who spread Hellenistic culture into an enormous empire before succombing to a fever in his early 30s.
Hellenistic
Greek-like culture initially spread by Alexander throughout his kingdoms. Also the term used to describe the three empires that inherited parts of Alexander's conquests.