Mythology Terms - 3
Terms in this set (39)
(Greek mythology) the goddess of divine retribution and vengeance
Daughter of Tantalus and wife of Amphion of Thebes, whose children were slain by Apollo and Artemis because of her bragging about the beauty of her own children; the gods pitied her and turned her into a rock that was always wet from weeping
Protagonist of the Odyssey. Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. King of Ithaca. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. "Man of many wiles".
A king of Thebes, the son of Laius and Jocasta, and the father by Jocasta of Eteocles, Polynices, Antigone, and Ismeme; as was prophesied at his birth, he unwittingly killed his father and married his mother. In penance, he blinded himself and went into exile.
Home to the Gods and Goddesses (except for Hades)
The son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and the brother of Electra and Iphigenia. He avenged the murder of Agamemnon by killing Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus, then was pursued by the Furies until saved by Athena
a giant Boeotian hunter who pursued the Pleiades and was eventually slain by Artemis, and was then placed in the sky as a constellation.
Poet and musician, son of Calliope. His wife, Eurydice, is killed by a python. He goes into the underworld and uses his lyre to get to Hades. His skill over the lyre helps him retrieve Eurydice back, but he cannot look back to look at her until they are in the real world. He accidentally looks back, and she is taken back.
Pallas Athena (Minerva)
Virgin deity, worshiped as the goddess of wisdom, fertility, the useful arts, and prudent warfare. At her birth she sprang forty fully armed from the head of her father, Zeus
Ancient god of forests, pastures, flocks, and shepherds. Represented with the head, chest, and arms of a man and the legs and sometimes horns and ears of a goat.
The first woman, endowed by the gods with all the graces and treacherously presented to Epimetheus along with a box in which Prometheus had confined all the evils that could trouble humanity. As the gods had anticipated, Pandora gave in to her curiosity and opened the box, allowing the evils to escape, frustrating the efforts of Prometheus
Son of Priam and Hecuba and brother of Cassandra. King of Troy. Awarded the apple of discord to Aphrodite and was be her help enabled to abduct Helen. This caused the Trojan War.
a mountain in central Greece where the Muses lived
A winged horse, created from the blood of Medusa, that opened the spring of Hippocrene with a stroke of its hoof. It carried Bellerophon in his attack on the Chimera.
The wife of Odysseus who remained faithful to him during his long absence at Troy. Symbol of devotion and fidelity
Daughter of Zeus and Demeter. Queen of underworld
A hero, the son of Zeus and Danae who slew the Gorgon Medusa and afterword saved Andromeda from a sea monster
A son of Oedipus and Jocasta and brother of Eteocles and Antigone on whose behalf the seven against Thebes were organized. Killed by Eteocles
God of the sea, with the power to cause earthquakes; brother of Zeus
King of Troy, the son of Laomedon, husband of Hecuba, and father of Paris, Cassandra, Hector, Polyxena, and many others. He was killed during the capture of Troy.
A titan, father of Deucalion and brother of Atlas and Epimetheus. Taught humankind various arts and was sometimes said to have shaped humans out of clay and endowed them with the spark of life. For having stolen fire from Olympus and given it to humankind in defiance of Zeus, he was chained to a rock where an eagle daily tore at his liver, until he was finally released by Hercules
A sea god who served Poseidon, son of Oceanus and Tethys, noted for his ability to assume different forms and to prophesy
A beautiful goddess who was loved by Eros.
A sculptor and King of Cyprus who carved and ivory statue of a maiden and fell in love with it. It was brought to life in response to a prayer by Aphrodite
Young lover of Babylon who held conversations clandestinely with Thisbe in defiance of their parents, trough a crack in a wall. On believing Thisbe dead, Pyramus killed himself. His blood is why mulberries are red
A sea Nymph who was transformed into a 6 headed sea monster. Later identified with the rock Scylla
one of several sea nymphs, part woman, part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing
Son of Aeolus and ruler of Corinth. Noted for his trickery. He was punished by Zeus by being compelled to roll a stone to the top of a slope, the stone always escaping him near the top and rolling down again.
A monster, usually represented as having the head and breast of a woman, the body of a lion, and the wings of an eagle, seated on a rock outside of Thebes. She proposed a riddle to travelers, killing them when they answered incorrectly, as all did before Oedipus. When he answered her riddle correctly the sphinx killed herself.
A Greek Herald with a loud voice; died after losing a shouting contest with Hermes
A river in the underworld in which the souls of the dead were ferried by Charon, and by which the gods swore their most solemn oaths
A Phrygian King, a son of Zeus who was condemned to remain in Hades, chin deep in water, with fruit laden branches hanging above his head. Whenever he tried to drink or eat, the water and fruit receded out of reach
the son of Odysseus and Penelope who helped Odysseus to kill the suitors of Penelope
An attic hero, king of Athens, the husband of Phaedra, father of Hippolytus, and slayer of the Minotaur and the robber Procrustes
A Nereid, the wife of Peleus and the mother of Achilles
A young lover of Babylon who held conversations clandestinely with Pyramus through a crack in a wall, in defiance of their parents. When she discovered Pyramus' body she committed suicide
a blind prophet, usually said to have been blinded because he saw Athena bathing, and then to have been awarded the gift of prophecy as a consolation for his blindness
Son of Poseidon and Amphitrite. Represented as having the head and trunk of a man and tail of a fish, and as using a conch shell trumpet
The supreme deity of the ancient Greeks, a son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Poseidon, and father of a number of gods, demigods, and mortals. The god of the heavens. Identified by the Romans with Jupiter
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