22 terms

Word Wall- Pre-American History (Yellow)

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primary source
information that comes directly from a person who experienced an event
secondary source
information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
economics
the branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth
chronology
the order in which a series of events happened; a list of these events in order
Magna Carta
"the Great Charter"; a written legal agreement signed in 1215 that limited the English monarch's power
English Bill of Rights
1689 laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament
natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
entrepreneur
a person who risks time and money to start and manage a business
Crusade
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 A.D. undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule
Renaissance
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in art and knowledge
Reformation
a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church that began in 1517; it resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
circumnavigate
to sail around the world
incentive
an external stimulus that tends to encourage behavior
feudalism
a political order in which nobles governed and protected people in return for services.
Northwest Passage
water route to Asia through North America
Protestantism
movement against the Catholic Church in which new Christian denominations are created
Peasant
small farmers; low social rank in feudal society
Lord
in feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals
democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
republic
a form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Middle Ages
historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
Johannes Gutenburg
German printer; invented a printing press that used movable type