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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Tay-Sachs disease
  2. over-the-counter medications
  3. hereditary
  4. Down syndrome
  5. genes
  1. a The basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child
  2. b A genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21
  3. c All traits passed down from one generation to the next (e.g., eye, skin, and hair color)
  4. d A medication that can be purchased by anyone off the shelf at the pharmacy without a prescription
  5. e A genetic disease that principally affects those of Jewish ancestry, marked by an accumulation of certain fats in the brain and nerves resulting in brain damage, loss of sight and brain functions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait
  2. A hereditary disease that results in secretion of thick mucus that blocks internal passages, including those of the lungs, causing respiratory infections. The pancreas is also affected, resulting in a deficiency of digestive enzymes and impaired nutrition
  3. Things and people in a person's surroundings (ex. mother's health, family, friends, home, community, life experiences)
  4. A condition caused by brain damage around the time of birth and marked by lack of muscle control and paralysis especially in the limbs
  5. Traits that typically do not show in a person unless both genes for the trait are inherited

5 True/False questions

  1. sickle cell anemiaCaused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans

          

  2. fetal alcohol syndromeA genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21

          

  3. prenatal developmentThe development of a zygote, embryo, and fetus before birth

          

  4. cleft lip/cleft palateAn upper lip congenitally divided into two parts

          

  5. spina bifida and hydrocephalusA congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary movement in the lower body. An increase of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain, resulting in an enlargement of the head in infants, because the bones of the skull are still unfused and the fluid can be drained into the abdominal cavity.

          

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