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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cleft lip/cleft palate
  2. multiple births
  3. PKU (phenylkentonuria)
  4. recessive traits
  5. sickle cell anemia
  1. a An upper lip congenitally divided into two parts
  2. b A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods
  3. c Giving birth to more than one child at a time
  4. d Traits that typically do not show in a person unless both genes for the trait are inherited
  5. e Caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. An abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health
  2. An inherited trait that may produce fraternal twins
  3. The development of a zygote, embryo, and fetus before birth
  4. A medication that can be purchased by anyone off the shelf at the pharmacy without a prescription
  5. A hereditary disease that results in secretion of thick mucus that blocks internal passages, including those of the lungs, causing respiratory infections. The pancreas is also affected, resulting in a deficiency of digestive enzymes and impaired nutrition

5 True/False questions

  1. dominant traitsTraits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait


  2. muscular dystrophyA progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited


  3. spina bifida and hydrocephalusA genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21


  4. genesThe basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child


  5. cerebral palsyA condition caused by brain damage around the time of birth and marked by lack of muscle control and paralysis especially in the limbs