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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. muscular dystrophy
  2. birth defect
  3. Tay-Sachs disease
  4. multiple births
  5. dominant traits
  1. a Traits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait
  2. b A progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited
  3. c Giving birth to more than one child at a time
  4. d A genetic disease that principally affects those of Jewish ancestry, marked by an accumulation of certain fats in the brain and nerves resulting in brain damage, loss of sight and brain functions
  5. e An abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Traits that typically do not show in a person unless both genes for the trait are inherited
  2. An inherited trait that may produce fraternal twins
  3. Things and people in a person's surroundings (ex. mother's health, family, friends, home, community, life experiences)
  4. A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods
  5. A congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary movement in the lower body. An increase of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain, resulting in an enlargement of the head in infants, because the bones of the skull are still unfused and the fluid can be drained into the abdominal cavity.

5 True/False questions

  1. sickle cell anemiaCaused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans


  2. fetal alcohol syndromeA genetic disorder characterized by a broad skull, blunt facial features, short stature, and learning difficulties; caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21


  3. cystic fibrosisA hereditary disease that results in secretion of thick mucus that blocks internal passages, including those of the lungs, causing respiratory infections. The pancreas is also affected, resulting in a deficiency of digestive enzymes and impaired nutrition


  4. cleft lip/cleft palateAn upper lip congenitally divided into two parts


  5. prenatal developmentThe development of a zygote, embryo, and fetus before birth