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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. multiple births
  2. PKU (phenylkentonuria)
  3. Tay-Sachs disease
  4. muscular dystrophy
  5. cerebral palsy
  1. a A progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited
  2. b A condition caused by brain damage around the time of birth and marked by lack of muscle control and paralysis especially in the limbs
  3. c A genetic disease that principally affects those of Jewish ancestry, marked by an accumulation of certain fats in the brain and nerves resulting in brain damage, loss of sight and brain functions
  4. d Giving birth to more than one child at a time
  5. e A condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein that is present in nearly all foods

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. An abnormality, present at birth, that affects the structure or function of the body and may threaten a baby's health
  2. A condition that babies may be born with when the mother drinks during pregnancy; symptoms include shaking, crying...
  3. Caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans
  4. The development of a zygote, embryo, and fetus before birth
  5. A threadlike structure that carries genes in living cells

5 True/False questions

  1. hyperovulationAn inherited trait that may produce fraternal twins


  2. recessive traitsTraits that always show in a person even if only one gene of the pair is inherited for the trait


  3. cystic fibrosisA hereditary disease that results in secretion of thick mucus that blocks internal passages, including those of the lungs, causing respiratory infections. The pancreas is also affected, resulting in a deficiency of digestive enzymes and impaired nutrition


  4. spina bifida and hydrocephalusA congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary movement in the lower body. An increase of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain, resulting in an enlargement of the head in infants, because the bones of the skull are still unfused and the fluid can be drained into the abdominal cavity.


  5. genesThe basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child