Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Social Studies UIL Court Cases 2016 2017
Terms in this set (37)
Marbury v. Madison
1803. This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819. Maryland sued McCulloch for the collection of tax because Maryland wanted to heavily tax Maryland's Second Bank. McCulloch won this case because Chief Justice Marshall ruled that states cannot interfere with federal institutions like banks. Banks were made officially constitutional.
Gibbons v. Ogden
1824. This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce. Marshal's decision, in 1824, was a major blow on states' rights.
Barron v. Baltimore
1833. The guarantee in the 5th Amendment that private property shall not be taken "for public use, without just compensation" is not applicable to state governments as well as the federal government.
Charles River Bridge
1837. Massachusetts gave Charles River Bridge a charter then later gave Warren Bridge a charter; Charles River had high tolls and Warren was free: Charles River Bridge sued and said Warren violated its property rights and that MA broke the contract clause by granting Warren a charter; Justice Taney declared that Charles River was not granted a monopoly and when that is ambiguous in the contract the outcome should favor the public rather than the business
Dred Scott v. Sanford
1857. Supreme Court case that decided US Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories and slaves, as private property, could not be taken away without due process - basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Munn v. Illinois
an 1877 case in which the supreme court upheld states' regulation of railroads for the benefit of farmers and consumers, thus establishing the right of gov. to regulate private industry for public interest.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal. Separate but Equal.....
Lochner v. New York
(1905) This supreme court case debated whether or not New York state violated the liberty of the fourteenth amendment which allowed Lochner to regulate his business when he made a contract. The specific contract Lochner made violated the New York statute which stated that bakers could not work more than 60 hours per week, and more than 10 hours per day. Ultimately, it was ruled that the New York State law was invalid, and interfered with the freedom of contract
Schenck v. United States
A 1919 decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Holmes declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
Gitlow v. New York
1925. A supreme court case between Gitlow, a socialist, who pushed and called for the establishment of socialism in America. He was arrested for distributing left wing socialist pamphlets. It was ruled that no state can deny a citizen of their first amendment rights.
Near v. Minnesota
1931. Court established as a constitutional doctrine that, with few exceptions, the govt could not censor or prohibit publication in advance, even though the publication might be punishable after it is released in a proceeding
West Coast Hotel v. Parish
1937. Hotel chambermaid sued for difference between her wages and minimum wage set forth by statute. The Lochner dissent becomes the majority and the court announces it is going to apply the Rational Basis Test and give deference to the legislatures.
Korematsu v. United States
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor.
Everson v. Board of Education
1947. The Court upheld a state law that provided for the public, tax supported busing of students attending any school in the state.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Mapp v. Ohio
1961. Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
Baker v. Carr
the Supreme Court decision in 1962, that said electoral districts had to reflect the numbers of people in those districts
Engel v. Vitale
1962: Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of the 1st Amendment's Establishment Clause and the 14th Amendment's Due Process Clause.
Gideon v. Wainwright
1963. A landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Escobedo v. Illinois
1964, attorney was denied access to client after he was requested by the client, after 4 hours of questioning, he confessed to the crime.
New York Times Co v. Sullivan
1964. A public figure suing a publisher for libel must prove that the publisher published a story with reckless disregard of its truth
Griswold v. Connecticut
1965. Married couple wanted to get contraceptives; struck down a Connecticut law prohibiting the sale of contraceptives; established the right of privacy through the 4th and 9th amendment
Miranda v. Arizona
1966. Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Terry v. Ohio
1968. Police can search and seize with probable cause
Tinker v. Des Moines
1969. The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption. Wrist bands for POWs.
San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez
1973 Suit attacked the Texas system of financing public education → class action suit led by Mexican-American parents who are members of minority groups or who are poor and reside in school districts having a low property tax base
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
United States v. Nixon
The 1974 case in which the Supreme Court unanimously held that the doctrine of executive priveledge was implicit in the Constitution but could not be extended to protect documents relevant to criminal prosecutions
Goss v. Lopez
1975. Students must receive due process at all times and the level of due process must increase with length of suspension.
Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
1973 Court case that ruled that racial quotas were unconstitutional
New Jersey v. T.L.O
1985. 4th amendment protects against unreasonable searches, but schools can perform these searches; girl has drugs in her purse, school searches it and finds it, she tries to claim its unconstitutional, Supreme Court says search is reasonable because of reasonable suspicion and probable cause
Bethel School District #43 v. Fraiser
1987. Schools can make rules to regulate speech, was a United States Supreme Court decision involving free speech and public schools. Matthew Fraser was suspended from school for making a speech full of sexual double entendres at a school assembly. The Supreme Court held that his suspension did not violate the First Amendment as schools can limit lewd, obscene language
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
1988. The principal of a school would not permit the publication of an issue of the school paper because it contained inappropriate material written by students. Result: This does not violate the 1st A. because a school has the right to promote particular types of student speech and set standards within reason. Schools may set standards for speech and press and regulate if material goes against the values of the school.
Texas v. Johnson
A 1989 case in which the Supreme Court struck down a law banning the burning of the American flag on the grounds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.
Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health
1990. Established a clear and convincing evidence must be established for a patient to be removed from life support
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
2000. A school in the Santa Fe School District permitted student-led, student initiated prayer before each home football game. Result: The student led prayer violates the Establishment clause as the public speech takes place on government property and government-endorsed events which means the prayer would also have to be promoted. This is unconstitutional.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
Sets found in the same folder
Madison's Gift Part I Quiz 2016
Madison's Gift Chapter 1
UIL SOCIAL STUDIES (individuals)
Social Studies UIL 2017 Terms
Sets with similar terms
A.P. United States Government Supreme Court Case L…
A.P. United States Government Supreme Court Case L…
Supreme Court Cases: Raquel Rice
Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 13: Civil War
Chapter 13: Civil War
Other Quizlet sets
Lecture 1: Introduction to Nursing Law and Ethics
Advanced reading 7
9 - Cancer and infectious agents
Biology Test Bacteria