US History 1800's Western Expansion and Agriculture

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Terms in this set (...)

Soddy
similar to a dugout, stays warm in winter and cool in summer
Battle of Wounded Knee
Massacre of 300 unarmed Native Americans by US soldiers
Dawes Act
aimed to "american-ize" the Native Americans
Morrill Act
gave federal land to the states to help agricultural colleges
Bimetallism
the use of two metals(usually gold and silver) for currency rather than one
Chisholm Trail
major cattle route from San Antonio to Kansas
Great Plains
grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States
Exoduster
African American who moved from the post Reconstruction South Kansas
William Jennings Bryan
was a promoter of bimetallism, Democratic representative 1896
Homestead Act
goon't offered 160 acres of land free to any citizen who was head of house-hold
George A. Custer
report that the "Black Hills" were full of gold
Vaquero
a cowboy
Oliver Hudson Kelley
one of the founders of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry
What were some of the hardships that frontier farmers faced in the mid-to late 1800s
weather conditions, availability of land and housing, working conditions, dangers of living on the frontier, economic concerns
Why is "frontier" a good description of the Great Plains region during a period in which cattle ranchers and farmers settled there?
various groups of people who lived there, comparison to each other areas of the country, quality of life available there, type of people who would settle there
The election of William McKinley marked the collapse of _______________.
populism
A shrinking supply of ____________ did not intensify the debts that Plains farmers had during the late 1800s.
farm land
The massacre at Wounded Knee marked the end of the wars between the ______________ and the ______________.
federal government, plains indians
White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains which _____________________________________________.
changed the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation.
The ______________________________ occurred before the Treaty of Fort Laramie, death of Sitting Bull, and the massacre at Wounded Knee.
Sand Creek Massacre
______________ was not central to the life and culture of the Plains Indians in the 1800s.
land ownership
The ______________ were were former slaves from the South who settled on the Great Plains.
exodusters
Plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support ________________ because it would put more money into circulation.
bimetallism
The __________ Act was designed to benefit white settlers.
Dawes
The __________ did not support the banks.
Grange
a farmers' association organized in 1867, sponsors social activities, community service, and political lobbying.
the grange