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APUSH 8.1 Terms (Post-World War II Foreign Policy)
Terms in this set (25)
An international organization created after World War II to promote international cooperation, stop wars between countries, and provide a platform for dialogue and diplomacy
A war of words and threats between the United States and the Soviet Union that was marked primarily by a political and economic, rather than military, struggle between the two nations.
Term introduced by Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet domination of Eastern Europe after World War II
The U.S. policy of containing the spread of communism. Containment was the foundation of U.S. foreign policy from the late 1940s until the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. The policy was conceived by George Kennan, a State Department employee and expert on the Soviet Union.
President Harry Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.
National Security Council
Executive agency composed of the president, vice president, and four cabinet members. Established to coordinate the strategic policies and defense of the United States.
Government agency created to gather and evaluate military, political, social, and economic information on foreign nations
Program designed to promote the economic recovery of Western Europe with massive amounts of U.S. financial aid
Response of the U.S. and Great Britain to the Soviet Union's blockade of West Berlin. Supplies were sent to West Berlin with continuous flights of thousands of American and British airplanes
Mutual defense alliance among the nations of Western Europe and North American. Designed to contain the spread of communism
Development of the hydrogen bomb
The first hydrogen bomb, which was one-thousand times more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was test by the U.S. in the South Pacific in 1952. The Soviet Union, after testing their first a-bomb in 1949, tested their first h-bomb in 1953
President Eisenhower's policy of reducing the size of the U.S. army, developing tactile nuclear weapons, and building strategic air power to employ nuclear weapons. Came to be known as a "bigger bang for the buck."
Term used by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that implied the U.S. was willing to use nuclear force in response to Communist aggression
Practice under Eisenhower of trying to win international disputes through a willingness to push dangerous situations to the brink of war
The first artificial satellite launched into space. Its launch by the Soviet Union marked the beginning of the space race
Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for supremacy in technology and spaceflight
Soviet leader who denounced Joseph Stalin in 1956 and improved the Soviet Union's image abroad. (Lost his power in 1964 after failing to improve the Soviet Union's economy.)
Soviet theory under Khruschev that the Soviet Union could coexist peacefully with the United States. Ended in 1960 when the U.S. was caught sending U-2 spy planes over the Soviet Union
President Kennedy's strategy of considering a variety of military and nonmilitary options when facing foreign policy decisions
Limited Test Ban Treaty
Treaty signed by the United States, the Soviet Union, and 100 other nations that banned nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater
President Nixon's policy of requiring countries threatened by communism to assume most of the military burden, with the United States offering political and economic support
Policy of relaxing tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Introduced by Nixon in the early 1970s.
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty I (SALT I)
Treaty between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to limit offensive nuclear weapons and defensive antiballistic missile systems
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II (SALT II)
Treated between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to limit the number of strategic nuclear missiles in each country. The U.S. Congress did not approve the treaty due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
After the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979, President Carter placed an embargo on wheat shipments to Russia, increased spending on defense, and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
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