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U.S. History--Meet the People

Thomas Paine

author of the pamphlet "Common Sense"

Thomas Jefferson

author of the Declaration of Independence; President at the time of the Louisiana Purchase

Patrick Henry

Virginian patriot; said "Give me liberty or give me death."

Samuel Adams

Massachusetts patriot; member of Sons of Liberty; leader of Boston Tea Party

Crispus Attucks

Colonial man of African descent who was killed in Boston Massacre

John Smith

leader at Jamestown, Virginia; "If you don't work, you don't eat."

John Adams

Massachusetts patriot; 2nd President

George Washington

Military commander of the American Revolution. He was the first elected president of the United States (1789-1799). (p. 581)


daughter of Powhatan, acted as an intermediary between settlers and Indians

William Penn

The founder of the Quaker colony, Pennsylvania

Abigail Adams

Wife of John Adams, fought for women's rights and voice as early as the Revolution

King George III

King of England during the American Revolution

James Oglethorpe

founder of Georgia as a colony for debtors

Benjamin Franklin

American patriot, writer, printer, and inventor. During the Revolutionary War he persuaded the French to help the colonists.

Marquis de Lafayette

French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution

John Hancock

American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress

John Marshall

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court establish judicial review

Abraham Lincoln

U.S. statesmen, 16th president. Led Union to victory in Civil War. Assassinated.

Andrew Jackson

7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency; Indian Removal Act

James Monroe

5th President of the U.S. 1817-1825 acquired Florida from Spain; declared Monroe Doctrine to keep foreign powers out.

James Madison

President during the War of 1812; Father of the US Constitution

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

United States suffragist and feminist; Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York

John Paul Jones

American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."

Frederick Douglass

United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North

Eli Whitney

invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts

Robert Fulton

inventor of the steam boat that could sail against current and wind

Samuel F.B. Morse

inventor who patented the telegraph

Samuel Slater

brought over from Britain the idea of a textile factory and one building for all processes

Cyrus McCormick

invented the mechanical reaper

John Deere

invented the steel plow

William Tecumseh Sherman

Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war

Harriet Tubman

Former slave who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad

Sojourner Truth

former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist; "Ain't I a Woman?" speech

James K. Polk

President of United States who had territorial aspirations, leading to conflict with Mexico, resulting in a war.

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