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Chapter 7 vocab
Terms in this set (18)
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a reaction.
an article or substance that is manufactured or refined for sale
the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction where the reactant entities are given on the left hand side and the product entities on the right hand side.
a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression
the SI unit of amount of substance, equal to the quantity containing as many elementary units as there are atoms in 0.012 kg of carbon-12.
The base SI unit for molar mass is kg/mol.
purposeful execution of chemical reactions to get a product, or several products.
the separation of a chemical compound into elements or simpler compounds.
type of oxidation-reduction chemical reaction when an element or ion moves out of one compound and into another.
the sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat and conversion of chemical species.
Oxidation reduction reaction
is the loss of electrons or an increase in oxidation state by a molecule, atom, or ion.
is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction or, to transform other chemical substances.
is a chemical reaction that releases energy in the form of light or heat. It is the opposite of an endothermic reaction.
describes a process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from the surroundings in the form of heat. It is a modern coinage from Greek roots.
The reaction rate (rate of reaction) or speed of reaction for a reactant or product in a particular reaction is intuitively defined as how fast or slow a reaction takes place.
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change.
a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced
a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products.
Recommended textbook explanations
Foundations of Physical Science (Florida Edition)
Tom C. Hsu
Interactive Science: Physical Science
Chemistry Matter and Change (California)
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Science Fusion Ohio Student Edition Worktext Grade 8
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