109 terms

Ch 4 P 1

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acrophobia
fear of being at a great height
agoraphobia
fear of open spaces
Anglophobia
dislike of England or the English
claustrophobia
fear of enclosed or narrow spaces
Germanophobia
dislike of Germany or the Germans
hydrophobia
1.dread of water 2.rabies
monophobia
fear of being alone
phobia
fear; dread; aversion
photophobia
aversion to light
xenophobia
aversion to foreigners
Russophobe
one who dislikes Russia or the Russians
philanthropist
lover of humanity; person active in promoting human welfare
philanthropy
love of humanity, especially as shown in donations to charitable and socially useful causes
philatelist
stamp collector
philately
collection and study of stamps
philharmonic
pertaining to a musical organization, such as a symphony orchestra
philhellenism
support of Greece or the Greeks
philogyny
study(love) of language and literature
philosopher
lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge; person who regulates his or her life by the light of reason
Anglophile
supporter of England or the English
audiophile
one who is enthusiastic about high-fidelity sound reproduction
bibliophile
lover of books
Francophile
supporter of France or the French
Sinophile
supporter of China or the Chinese
misandry
hatred of males
misanthrope
hater of humanity
misanthropy
hatred of humanity
misogamy
hatred of marriage
misogyny
hatred of women
misology
hatred of argument, reasoning, or dicussion
misoneism
hatred of anything new
dysentery
inflammation of the large intestine
dysfunction
abnormal functioning, as of an organ of the body
dyslexia
impairment of the ability to read
dyslogistic
expressing disapproval or censure; uncomplimentary
dyspepsia
1.difficult digestion; indigestion 2.ill humor; disgruntlement
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
dysphasia
speech difficulty resulting from brain injury
dysphoria
sense of great unhappiness or dissatisfaction
dystopia
imaginary place where living conditions are dreadful
dystrophy
1.faulty nutrition 2. muscle disorder
eugenics
science dealing with improving hereditary qualities
eulogize
write or speak in praise of someone
eupepsia
good digestion
euphemism
substitution of a "good" expression for an unpleasant one
euphonious
pleasing in sound
euphoria
sense of great happiness or well-being
euthanasia
controversial practice of mercifully putting to death a person suffering from an incurable, painfully distressing disease
euthenics
science dealing with improving living conditions
macro
computer instruction standing for a series of steps
macrocosm
great world; universe
microcosm
little world; epitome; reproduction of a larger unity
macron
horizontal mark indicating that the vowel over which it is placed is long
macroscopic
large enough to be visible to the naked eye
microbe
microscopic life form; microorganism; germ
microbicide
agent that destroys microbes
microdont
having small teeth
microfim
film of very small size
microgram
millionth of a gram
micrometer
1.millionth of a meter 2.instrument for measuring small lengths
microorganism
microscopic animal or plant
microsecond
millionth of a second
microsurgery
surgery with the aid of microscopes and minute instruments or laser beams
microvolt
millionth of a volt
microwatt
millionth of a watt
microwave
1.very short electromagnetic wave 2. microwave oven
amoral
not moral; without a sense of moral responsibility
amorphous
without definite form; shapeless; unorganized
anarchy
total absence of rule or government; confusion; disorder
anemia
lack of a normal number of red blood cells
anesthesia
loss of feeling or sensation resulting from ether, chloroform, novocaine, etc.
anesthetic
drug that produces anesthesia
anhydrous
destitute of (without) water
anomaly
deviation from the common rule
anomalous
not normal; abnormal
anonymous
nameless; of unknown or unnamed origin
anoxia
deprivation of oxygen
apnea
temporary cessaion of breathing
aseptic
free from disease-causing microorganisms
asymptomatic
showing no symptoms of disease
atheism
godlessness; denial of the existence of a Supreme Being
atrophy
lack of growth, as from diuse, disease, or malnourishment
hypertrophy
enlargement of a body part, as from overuse
atypical
unlike the typical
monarchy
rule by a single person
monochromatic
of one color
monocle
eyeglass for one eye
monogamy
marriage with one mate at a time
monogram
two or more letters interwoven to represent a name
monograph
written account of a single thing or class of things
monolith
single stone of large size; obelisk
monolithic
massive and rigidly uniform
monologue
long speech by one person
monomania
excessive concentration on one idea or subject
monomorphic
having a single form
monosyllabic
having one syllable
monotheism
belief tht there is one God
monotonous
continuing in an unchanging tone; wearying
polyarchy
rule by many; government having three or more rulers
polychromatic
having a variety of colors; multicolored; variegated
polygamy
marriage to several people at the same time
polyglot
speaking several languages
polyglot
person who speaks several languages
polygon
closed plane figure having, literally, many angles and therefore many sides
polymorphic
having various forms
polyphonic
having many sounds or voices
polysyllabic
having more than three syllables
polytechnic
dealing with many applied sciences and technical arts
polytheism
belief that there is a plurality of gods