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114 terms

Cosmetology- Infection Control: Principles and Practices

CH. 5 Milady
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AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease that breaks down the body's immune system, is caused by HIV
Acquired Immunity
immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation or through exposure to natural allergens
Allergy
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Antiseptics
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA
Asymptomatic
showing no symptoms or signs of infection
Bacilli
short rod-shaped bacteria, most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis and diptheria
Bacteria
one-celled microorganisms that have both animal and plant characteristics
Bactericidal
capable of destroying bacteria
Binary Fission
the division of bacteria cells into two new daughter cells
Bioburden
number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization
Bloodborne Pathogens
disease causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids
Chelating Soaps
detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products
Cleaning
mechanical process using soap and water to remove all visible dirt and debris
Cocci
round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups
Contagious Disease
a.k.a communicable disease, disease that is spread from one person to another
Contamination
the presence or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residue
Decontamination
the removal of blood or other potentially infectious material on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris and residue
Diagnosis
determination of the nature of a disease from it's symptoms
Diplococci
spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
Direct Transmission
transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking
Disease
an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function
Disinfectants
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses but not spores
Disinfection
chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms on environmental surfaces but not spores
Efficacy
the ability to produce an effect
Exposure Incident
contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluids or other potentially infectious material that is the result of an employee's duties
Flagella
slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion, a.k.a cilia
Fungi
microscopic plant parasites which can produce contagious diseases
Fungicidal
capable of destroying fungi
Hepatitis
bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver
Hospital Disinfectants
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
HIV
Human immunodeficiency Virus, virus that causes AIDS
HPV
Human Papilloma Virus, a.k.a Plantar Warts, a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups
Immunity
the ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
Indirect Transmission
transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object
Infection
the invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogens
Infection Control
methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms
Infectious
caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection
Infectious Disease
disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body
Inflammation
condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation or infection, characterized by redness, heat, pain and swelling
Local Infection
an infection such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus
MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheet, information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings
MRSA
methicillin-resistant staphylococus aureus, a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics
Microorganism
any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size
Mildew
a type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon
Motility
self-movement
Multiuse
reusable, items that can be cleaned, disinfected and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluids
Mycobacterium Fortuitum
microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers
Natural Immunity
immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living
Nonpathogenic
harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm
Nonporous
an item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids
Occupational Disease
illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated exposure to certain products or ingredients
Parasites
Organisms that grow, feed and find shelter on or in another organism while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism
Parasitic Disease
disease caused by parasites
Pathogenic
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body
Pathogenic Disease
disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites
Phenolic Disinfectants
powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants, they are a form of formaldehyde. have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes
Porous
made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings, absorbent
Pus
a fluid created by infection
Quats
quaternary ammonium compounds, disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon
Sanitation
chemical process for reducing the number of disease causing germs on cleaned surface to a safe level
Scabies
contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin
Single Use
Disposable, items that cannot be used more than once, cannot be properly cleaned or is damaged by cleaning and disinfecting
Sodium Hypochlorite
common household bleach, an effective disinfectant for the salon
Spirilla
spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease
Staphylococci
pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters, causes abscesses, pustules and boils
Sterilization
the process that completely destroys all microbial life including spores
Streptococci
pus forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads, causes infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning
Systemic Disease
disease that affects the body as a whole often due to under or over functioning of internal glands or organs, this disease is carried through the blood stream or lymphatic system
Tinea Barbae
barbers itch, superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin, primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp
Tinea Capitis
fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles
Tinea Pedis
ringworm fungus of the foot
Toxins
various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms
Tuberculocidal Disinfectants
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing
Universal Precautions
set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employees to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens
Virucidal
capable of destroying viruses
Virus
parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms, capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproductive function
State Regulatory Agencies
protect salon professionals and protect consumers, health, safety, and welfare while they receive salon services
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
created as part of the U.S. Department of Labor
HCS
Hazard Communication Standard, requires that chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency, registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States
Examples of State Regulatory Agencies
licensing agencies, state boards of cosmetology, commissions and health departments
Laws
Statutes, written by federal and state legislatures that determine the scope of practice and guidelines for regulatory agencies to make rules
Rules and Regulations
more specific than laws, determine how the law must be applied, establish specific standards of conduct and can be changed/updated frequently, cosmetologists must comply
4 Types of potentially harmful organisms
Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Parasites
Nonpathogenic Bacteria uses
To make yogurt, cheese and some medicines. In the body they help break down food, protect against infection and stimulate the immune system
Life Cycle of Bacteria
Active Stage and Inactive or Spore-Forming Stage
Active Stage
bacteria grow and reproduce, divide into two cells, which are produced every 20-60 minutes depending on the bacteria
Inactive Stage
bacteria become spores to withstand unfavorable conditions until favorable conditions are restored then they become active once again
Most common way infections spread in the salon
Dirty Hands
Difference between viruses and Bacteria
bacteria can live and reproduce on their own and bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics, whereas viruse need a host to live and reproduce and are resistant to all antibiotics
Hepatitis B
health authorities recommend that service providers receive this vaccine
Cutting living skin
outside the scope of cosmetology
Decontamination Method 1
Cleaning then disinfecting with an appropriate EPA-registered disinfectant
Decontamination Method 2
Cleaning and then sterilizing
3 ways to clean your tools or implements
Washing with soap and water, using an ultrasonic unit, using a cleaning solvent
Texas
requires sterilization of nonporous manicure and pedicure tools and implements before each service
CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Autoclaves
must be tested weekly to ensure they are properly sterilizing implements as is required by the CDC, this is called a Spore Test
Contact Time
amount of time the surface must stay moist with disinfectant in order to be effective
AHP
Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide, disinfectant recently approved by the EPA to be used in salons, it's based on stabilized hydrogen peroxide and only needs to be changed every 14 days, nontoxic to the skin and environment
Bleach
to be used as a disinfectant: must contain at least 5% sodium hypochlorite and be diluted in a 10% solution (1 part bleach to 9 parts water)
Proper disinfection of whirlpool pedicure spa
requires that the disinfecting solution circulate for 10 minutes unless otherwise specified on disinfectant label
2 Disinfectants not suitable for use in salons
Fumigants, Glutaraldehyde
Fumigants
gaseous substance capable of destroying pathogenic bacteria, taken of the market due to releasing low concentrations of formaldehyde gas, can cause eye, nose, and lung irritation
Glutaraldehyde
powerful chemical used to sterilize surgical instruments in hospitals, produces fumes that are irritating to the lungs, eyes and skin, not safe for salon use
Incorrect mix ratio
adding water to disinfectant, causes foaming
Disinfectant Containers
must be covered but not airtight
Multiuse Tools and Implements must be
disinfected before and after every use, even if being used on the same person
Doorknobs and Handles
Clean daily to reduce transferring germs
Additives, Powders and Tablets
Do not replace proper cleaning and disinfection (Chloramine T)
Bar Soaps
Grow bacteria
Benzalkonium Chloride
ingredient in antiseptics that is less drying to the skin than alcohol
Exposure Incident Steps
Stop the service, put on gloves, stop the bleeding, use antiseptic on cut and bandage, clean and disinfect workstation and tools/implements, discard all single-use items, remove gloves and put in contaminated waste container