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Ch.5 Ecosystems and the Physical Environment
Chapter 5 vocabulary
Terms in this set (55)
cycling of matter, the material in which organisms are composed of through ecosystems to the abiotic environments and back again
the global circulation of carbon from the environment to living organisms and back to the environment
the burning of coal, oil, natural gas, and wood; releasing carbon
the global circulation of nitrogen from the environment to living organisms and back to the environment
process of converting nitrogen gas into ammonia
enzyme that turns N2 into ammonium
Nitrogen fixing bacteria
the process in which ammonium is converted into nitrate
plants convert nitrate to proteins
process in a nutrient cycle where decay breaks down dead organic matter to release ammonia (NH3) into the soil.
conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas
Gases that form when nitrogen and oxygen in the atmosphere are burned with fossil fuels at high temperatures.
the brown smog produced when air pollutants react with sunlight
caused by sulfuric and nitric acids resulting in lowered pH of surface waters
Cyclic movement of phosphorus in different chemical forms from the environment to organisms and then back to the environment
Cyclic movement of sulfur in different chemical forms from the environment to organisms and then back to the environment.
the natural process by which water is purified and made fresh through evaporation and precipitation. The cycle provides all the fresh water available for biological life.
..., the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
..., water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
..., the area of land that is drained by a water system
..., water stored beneath the Earth's surface
..., tiny solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended in the atmosphere for a long time
..., proportion of solar radiation reflected upward from a surface
..., the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs; the thinnest layer
..., the layer of the atmosphere that contains the ozone layer; temperature increases as you go up
..., the layer of the atmosphere between the stratosphere and the thermosphere and in which temperature decreases as altitude increases
..., the uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature increases as altitude increases
..., The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
..., winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth
..., prevailing winds that blow from east to west between 60 degrees and 90 degrees latitude in both hemispheres
..., Prevailing winds that blow from west to east between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude in both hemispheres
..., prevailing winds that blow from east to west from 30 degrees latitude to the equator in both hemispheres
..., huge circular moving current systems dominate the surfaces of the oceans.
ocean conveyor belt
..., Interconnected flow of currents that redistribute heat throughout the Earth
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
..., A periodic, large-scale warming of surface waters of the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean that temporarily alters both ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns.
..., a change in the eastern Pacific Ocean in which the surface water temperature becomes unusually cool
..., the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
..., The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time
..., when strong thunderstorm forces warm up causing low pressure and air from all directions to rush to fill in and begin to rotate
..., huge rotating masses of low pressure characterized by strong wonds and torrential rain
..., the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
..., the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats
..., the region where two tectonic plates are in contact
divergent plate boundary
..., where two plates are moving apart, magma comes up to create new crust
convergent plate boundary
..., A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come together, or crash into each other.
..., a geological process in which one edge of a crustal plate is forced sideways and downward into the mantle below another plate
transform plate boundary
..., Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other.
..., vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake
..., cracks in the earth's crust
..., The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake.
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
a slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or cliff
seismic sea wave that begins over an earthquake focus and can be highly destructive when it crashes on shore
molten rock in the earth's crust
an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ch.3 Ecosystems and Energy
Chapter 6 Earth's Major Biomes
Chapter 4 Review- Ecosystems and the Physical Envi…
Ppt 5- Ecosystems and living Org's.
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